The medical tests you need to have

doctors office adult black female patient hospital

Screening is an important part of preventative health care. We asked Dr. Michael Smith, Chief Medical Editor of WebMD, which tests the average person needs and when.

In your 20s
Men & women
Blood pressure: “Everyone should get their blood pressure tested — how often depends on the result: certainly during your annual physical, if it’s higher, more often than that.”
Diabetes: “Two-thirds of adults are overweight and possibly pre-diabetic.”
Skin cancer: “Do regular self-exams [and] look for any changes. See your doctor if you’re concerned.”
HIV: “Depending on sexual behavior, everyone should get tested at least once in their lives, especially when you’re young.”

Just women
Cervical cancer: “Twenty-one is the recommended age for women to start pap smears.”

Just men
Testicular cancer: “There’s some controversy over testing for testicular cancer, but the American Cancer Society recommends age 20.”

In your 30s
Men & Women
Cholesterol “Anyone at risk should start in their 20s, but for everyone, by age 35 it’s more essential.”
Glaucoma: “There are no symptoms, but if you lose your sight from glaucoma, it doesn’t come back.”
Hypothyroid/Hyperthyroid: “The thyroid regulates metabolism and just about everything in the body. Testing is becoming more common, especially for women.”

Just women
HPV: “Many women test positive in their 20s and it goes away. In your 30s, conditions should be monitored.”

40s and above
Men & women
Colorectal cancer: “At age 50, the ACS recommends colorectal screening.”

Just women
Breast cancer: “There’s some controversy, but the ACS says at age 40 women should start mammograms every other year. Talk to your doctor about when to start testing.”
Osteoporosis: “It’s generally age 50. Sometimes women with a family history get tested earlier.”

Just men
Prostrate cancer: “Begin the discussion with your doctor at age 50. No one recommends regular PSA blood tests until then. But men at high risk begin in their 40s.”


News
Entertainment
Sports
Lifestyle
Local

Memorial held for Sean Collier, MIT police officer…

More than 1,600 people gathered at MIT on Friday for a memorial service for Sean Collier, the police officer shot to death a year ago in the aftermath of the…

National

Florida man charged with murdering son to play…

A Florida man annoyed that his 16-month-old crying son was preventing him from playing video games suffocated the toddler, police said on Friday.

International

Powerful 7.2 magnitude earthquake rattles Mexico

A powerful earthquake struck Mexico Friday, shaking buildings and sending people running into the street, although there were no reports of major damage.

News

OMG! Exercise can make skin (and butt) look…

A moderate exercise regime can turn back time and actually reverse the skin's aging process, according to new research. The study showed that a minimum…

Entertainment

Whoopi Goldberg makes her debut as marijuana columnist

"It helps my head stop hurting, and with glaucoma your eyes ache, and she takes the ache out. It's wonderful," she said.

The Word

Kate Middleton made fun of Prince William's bald…

Kate Middleton and Prince William are in Sydney, Australia, right now, and it sounds like that brash Aussie sense of humor might be rubbing off.

The Word

Is Tom Cruise dating Laura Prepon?

"Mission: Impossible" star Cruise is said to be dating Laura Prepon, star of "Orange is the New Black."

Television

'Scandal' recap: Season 3, Episode 18, 'The Price…

Sally is Jesus, Olivia caused global warming, and Mellie's still drunk. Let's recap the Scandal finale. A church full of Washington insiders is about to…

MLB

MLB video highlights: Red Sox score two in…

Lester shines in Red Sox win over White Sox

Sports

2014 Boston Marathon preview: Elite American, International runners…

2014 Boston Marathon: Elite American, International runners to watch

NBA

2014 NBA Finals odds: Ranking which playoff teams…

2014 NBA Finals odds: Ranking which playoff teams have the best shot at a championship. The Thunder, Clippers, Heat and Rockets lead the way.

NFL

2014 Patriots, full NFL schedule release date announced

2014 Patriots, full NFL schedule release date announced

Tech

VIDEO: 'Vein-scanning' may become the future of paying

Designed to make transactions quicker and easier, the technology works by scanning the unique vein patterns in each person's palm.

Tech

#FollowFriday: 10 of the smartest Twitter accounts

Spending lots of time on Twitter? You might as well learn something. Here are some of the smartest accounts to follow.

Style

Light-up nail art syncs with phone

This Japanese technology syncs light-up nail art with your phone.

Wellbeing

Why is dance cardio taking off in NYC?

Instructors at some of the city's hottest classes explain why.