Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton faced off last night in their first of three debates, each taking familiar strikes against the other, including Clinton's involvement in Benghazi, Trump's comments against women (and African-Americans and Latinos) and questioning each others' experience and temperament in politics. (See the full video of the debate on NBC News here.)
Numbers indicate the night was Clinton's to take, with 62 percent of respondents in an NBC poll choosing the former secretary of state as the winner, and only 27 percent saying Trump won.
But both candidates took swipes that bent the truth — sometimes a little, sometimes a lot. Let's take a look at how the facts stack up:
Claim: Clinton pushed Trump to release his tax returns, alleging the Republican candidate has something to hide by not releasing the documents: "Or maybe he doesn’t want the American people...to know that he’s paid nothing in federal taxes, because the only years that anybody’s ever seen were a couple of years when he had to turn them over to state authorities when he was trying to get a casino license, and they showed he didn’t pay any federal income tax."
According to a report by the New Jersey Casino Control Commission, Donald Trump paid federal income taxes for three years between 1975 to 1979.
Claim: Reaching back to the 2008 primaries between Clinton and President Barack Obama, Trump accused the former New York senator of starting the birther movement to prove Obama was not born in the United States: "Sidney Blumenthal works for the campaign and close — very close friend of Secretary Clinton. And her campaign manager, Patti Doyle, went to — during the campaign, her campaign against President Obama, fought very hard. And you can go look it up, and you can check it out."
In the CNN interview Trump cited in Monday's debate, Blumenthal flat-out said Clinton and her camp did not start the movement, instead explaining there was a rogue volunteer coordinator in December who forwarded an email that "promoted the conspiracy." That person was immediately fired, and Clinton's campaign manager apologized to Obama's campaign manager.
Claim: Clinton quoted Trump as saying he would try to negotiate down the national debt, which he denied saying, simply, "Wrong."
In a CNBC interview in May, Trump suggested one way to reduce the national debt would be to convince creditors to accept less than full payment, adding: "I would borrow, knowing that if the economy crashed, you could make a deal."
Claim: Trump said, to combat violence in cities like Chicago, stop-and-frisk should be implemented: "We have to bring back law and order. Now whether or not in a place like Chicago you do stop-and-frisk, which worked very well, Mayor Giuliani is here, it worked very well in New York. It brought the crime rate way down."
According to the NYPD's own reports, nearly nine out of 10 stopped-and-frisked New Yorkers were completely innocent, totaling more than 5 million innocent stops since 2002. And according to data from the FBI and the ACLU, there's practically no correlation between stop-and-frisks and a reduction in crime.
From the New York City Police Department's Assistant Commissioner: