A bank is a nice security blanket: It keeps your money safe, accessible and insured, ready to pay regular bills or cover an unexpected expense.

But the warmth and fuzziness can wear off quickly when you realize low interest rates on bank accounts are holding your money back. Once you have your bill-paying funds and emergency savings covered, look at alternatives such as investments that can grow the rest of your money faster.

Here’s how to know when to pivot from bank accounts to other savings options.

Your emergency fund needs a foolproof plan and a security guard, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. provides that for many bank accounts. The FDIC insures banks, so consumers’ deposits are protected if a bank fails. But the highest rates you’ll get on savings accounts range between 1% and 2%, compared with potential average annual returns of up to 7% on investments.

»MORE: How to switch banks

Keep only what you need for bills and emergencies in a bank. For checking accounts, the minimum balance plus a $500 cushion for unforeseen expenses should be left after you pay bills. For your emergency fund, save three to six months of income, more if you’re self-employed. Once you reach these goals, take your extra money elsewhere.

»MORE: Compound interest calculator

With your money for expenses and emergencies safe in a bank, it’s time to consider long-term options that can offer better returns. Compound interest — the interest you earn on prior interest — adds up over time. The sooner you get started, the more you can earn. Here’s how to start building your investment portfolio.

»MORE: What is a brokerage account and how do I open one?

With investments you can earn more, but you can also lose more because your money isn’t insured like it is at most banks. Diversify your portfolio by putting your money into investments that vary across countries, industries, asset classes or company size. A well-balanced portfolio can minimize risk.

Your goals and age will determine the best options among short-term or long-term investments, and you’ll adjust as you get older. For example, as you approach retirement you may want to minimize risk by increasing the proportion of bonds in your portfolio and decreasing your allocation toward stocks.

Weigh the options and choose the plan that best suits your financial goals.

Melissa Lambarena is a staff writer at NerdWallet, a personal finance website. Email: mlambarena@nerdwallet.com. Twitter:@LissaLambarena.

This article was written by NerdWallet and was originally published by USA Today.


The article Low-Earning Bank Accounts Aren’t the Best Spot for All Your Money originally appeared on NerdWallet.