By Karl Plume

CHICAGO (Reuters) - Monsanto Co is in talks with Bayer AG and other companies regarding "alternative strategic options," a month after it rejected the German company's $62-billion takeover offer, the U.S. seed producer said on Wednesday.

Monsanto's options include combinations with other companies and businesses in the sector beyond Bayer. Potential deals could involve BASF and any businesses divested from the Dow/DuPont merger, according to analysts.

Monsanto, which also reported lower-than-expected sales for the sixth straight quarter on Wednesday, had approached Bayer about a potential acquisition of its crop science unit, Reuters reported in March.

"Monsanto remains the partner of choice in this industry and I assure you that we will continue to actively explore these opportunities," Chief Executive Officer Hugh Grant said.

Monsanto said there was "no formal update on the Bayer proposal," but that talks have been ongoing for the past several weeks.

A Bayer spokesman said the company had no comment.

The seeds and agrochemicals industry, long dominated by six large companies, has been jolted by several large deals in the past year as low crop prices and belt-tightening by farmers pressured earnings. Syngenta agreed in February to be acquired by ChemChina for $43 billion, while Dow Chemical and DuPont struck a $130 billion mega merger last year.

Companies have also explored selling assets that may be underperforming or non-core to their businesses going forward.

Monsanto had not opened its books more than two weeks after rejecting Bayer's offer but left the door open to a possible deal, Reuters reported this month, citing sources.

Bayer, however, has no plans to raise its offer without reviewing Monsanto's confidential information, the sources said.

Bayer had planned to issue about $15.4 billion in new shares to help fund the proposed all-cash deal.


Monsanto's weak earnings could increase the possibility of M&A for the company, according to Bernstein analyst Jonas Oxgaard.

Still if Monsanto's stock price fails to rally strongly, that could give Bayer some cover if it decided to back out of the deal, he said.

"This certainly explains why Monsanto required a higher offer before opening their books – once their books are read it seems to be less likely that a higher offer would materialize," Oxgaard wrote in a note Wednesday.

Bayer's offer, which was opposed by some of its own shareholders, puts the deal at $122 per share.

Monsanto shares rose 0.7 percent to $101.79 on Wednesday, well below a high above $112 shortly after the Bayer offer was announced.

Bernstein Research estimated that Bayer can issue no more than 290 million shares before a shareholder vote is needed. That could raise almost 26 billion Euros ($29 billion) based on Bayer's share price on Wednesday.


Separately, Monsanto reported that net income tumbled more than 37 percent to $717 million, or $1.63 per share, in the third quarter ended May 31.

A global glut of generic glyphosate, the active ingredient in Monsanto's Roundup herbicide, and delays in securing European Union import approval for Monsanto's next-generation biotech soybeans dragged down profits in the quarter, the company said.

Earnings per share totaled $2.17 from continuing operations, well below the average analyst estimate of $2.40, according to Thomson Reuters I/B/E/S. Net sales declined 8.5 percent to $4.19 billion, missing estimates of $4.49 billion.

Monsanto tweaked its 2016 full-year as-reported EPS forecast to the low end of the $3.36 to $4.14 adjusted range and said it expects to be at the low end of its ongoing EPS full-year range of $4.40 to $5.10.

(Additional reporting by Arathy S Nair in Bengaluru, P.J. Huffstutter in Chicago, Gregory Roumeliotis in New York and Patricia Weiss and Ludwig Burger in Frankfurt; Editing by Kirti Pandey and Jeffrey Benkoe)