Sexism is ever present in the world and interactive video games are no exception. But why are are some male players hostile to women and others perfectly nice? Other studies base the existence of sexism to social environments, such as social constructivist theory, or individual biology. A new study has explained sexism from an evolutionary perspective. Not all males are hostile to women as they enter a male-dominated environment -- only the losers.
Research by Michael Kasumovic and Jeffrey Kuznekoff at the University of New South Wales and Miami University respectively backs up this theory. In their study, Insights into Sexism, male participants played Halo 3, a multiplayer first person shooter game, and either interacted with a female or male-voiced teammate. The underperforming males were generally negative to the female teammate and submissive to the male teammate. In contrast, high-performing males were more supportive to female players.