Massachusetts teen birth rate hits record low

The teen pregnancy rate in Massachusetts is half of what it was in 1989. PHOTO: ourfamilyworld.com
The teen pregnancy rate in Massachusetts is half of what it was in 1989. PHOTO: ourfamilyworld.com

The Department of Public Health today released a report that shows Massachusetts’ teen birth rate has plummeted by more than 50 percent since 1989, reaching the lowest level on record in 2010. The report also shows the lowest rate of smoking for pregnant women on record.

“This report is good news for Massachusetts families,” said Governor Deval Patrick, “The work we do in promoting public health has a real impact on the lives of children and families across the state.”

The study showed new mothers in Massachusetts have grown older since 1980. The percentage of women giving birth who were 30 or older was 25 percent in 1980; it was 54 percent in 2010.

Racial disparities persist, according to the 121-page report. The black infant mortality rate of 8.2 per 1,000 live births was 2.5 times higher than the white rate. The birth rate for Hispanic teens, 49.3 per 1,000 women ages 15 to 19, was 4.7 times that of whites.

Overall, the teen birth rate of 17.1 births per 1,000 was down from the 2009 rate of 19.5, and was the lowest teen birth rate ever recorded, according to the study.

“Credit goes first to the young people of Massachusetts,” says Patricia Quinn, executive director of the Massachusetts Alliance on Teen Pregnancy in a statement. “Youth behavior data shows that rates of sexual activity have not changed significantly, so it appears that much of the decline in teen birth rates can be attributed to youth effectively using contraception.”

The alliance noted that in 1989, the teen birth rate hit a peak of 35.9 per 1,000. New Hampshire was the only state with a lower teen birth rate in 2010 than Massachusetts.

While the highest 2010 teen birth rate in New England is Rhode Island, with a rate of about 22 per 1,000, according to the National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy, other areas of the country currently surpass the Massachusetts peak in 1989. Mississippi has a birth rate of 55 per 1,000 and is neighbors with other states with significantly higher rates than the Northeast.

Suburbs had the lowest rates of births by unmarried mothers, Brookline (6.1 percent), Arlington (7.3 percent) and Newton (8.5 percent) recording the smallest percentages among the 30 largest communities. Springfield (71.4 percent), Lawrence (70.2 percent), New Bedford (64 percent) and Fall River (63.6 percent) were the highest.

The statewide percentage of unmarried mothers (34.6 percent) was lower than the nationwide rate of 40.8 percent.

Teen birth rates were also higher in so-called gateway cities generally outside Boston. The number of births per 1,000 women ages 15 to 19 was highest in Holyoke (83.6) followed by Lawrence (56.9), Springfield (54.3) and Chelsea (51.8).

The youngest mother in the state was 12 years old in 2010, the same as in 2009, the study said.

The report was prepared by James West, Malena Hood, and Dana Bernson, epidemiologists from the Division of Research and Epidemiology, and Kevin Foster, from the Registry of Vital Records and Statistics.

The Massachusetts fertility rate of 53.7 births per 1,000 women ages 15 to 44 years was below the nationwide rate of 64.1 per 1,000.

In 2010, 6.3 percent of births involved mothers who smoked during pregnancy, according to the report.

Melrose-Wakefield Hospital had the highest percentage of caesarean section operations, with 43.1 percent. Brazilian mothers had the highest rate of caesareans (42.9 percent), among the state’s ethnicities, and Cambodian mothers had the lowest rate (19.9 percent).

The report said Asian mothers had the highest average age at birth (29.8 years) while Hispanic mothers had the lowest (23.5 years). Among the 30 largest municipalities, Weymouth had the highest percentage (92.9 percent) of mothers receiving “adequate prenatal care,” while Pittsfield (70.5 percent) had the lowest rate.

Follow Morgan Rousseau on Twitter: @MetroMorgan
Follow Metro Boston on Twitter: @MetroBOS



News
Entertainment
Sports
Lifestyle
National

Woman dies when run over by bus at…

A woman at the Burning Man arts and culture festival in the Nevada desert died on Thursday when she was run over by a bus carrying participants.

National

Texas parents sue day care center for duct…

By Marice RichterDALLAS (Reuters) - A Texas couple has filed a lawsuit against the owners of a Fort Worth-area day care center seeking $1 million…

National

Santa Fe city council votes to decriminalize marijuana

By Joseph KolbALBUQUERQUE N.M. (Reuters) - Santa Fe on Wednesday became the latest U.S. city to decriminalize small amounts of marijuana, with lawmakers in the…

International

Egypt queries Mursi over documents "leaked" to Al…

CAIRO (Reuters) - Egypt is investigating jailed ex-president Mohamed Mursi in connection with documents that judicial investigators say were leaked to the Qatar-based Al Jazeera…

Going Out

'Friends' coffeehouse Central Perk coming to NYC —…

"Friends" is coming back for a one-off special: "The One with the Free Coffee." Warner Bros. is bringing a pop-up replica of Central Perk, the…

Movies

Interview: 'As Above, So Below' directors: 5 ways…

The fraternal directors of the found footage horror "As Above, So Below" dish on the best ways to frighten the bejesus out of audiences.

Movies

Criterion's new Jacques Demy box mixes the light…

Jacques Demy, the most effervescent of French New Wave filmmakers, gets a Criterion box all to himself, with classics like "The Umbrellas of Cherbourg."

Entertainment

Comedian Joan Rivers, 81, rushed to New York…

NEW YORK (Reuters) - Acerbic comedian and fashion critic Joan Rivers was rushed to Mount Sinai Hospital in New York on Thursday after she reportedly…

NFL

3 things we learned in the Giants preseason…

The final score didn’t matter — a 16-13 win by the Giants — but it would’ve been nice to finally see Big Blue’s new-look offense get on track.

NFL

NFL Power Rankings: Seahawks, Broncos, Patriots, 49ers start…

NFL Power Rankings: Seahawks, Broncos, Patriots start at top

U.S. Soccer

5 facts about new England captain Wayne Rooney

Manchester United striker Wayne Rooney was named as the new England captain by coach Roy Hodgson on Thursday.

NFL

Jets vs. Eagles: 3 things to watch

A win on Thursday night at the Eagles would give the Jets a 3-1 record and just their second winning preseason under head coach Rex Ryan.

Style

Trend: White hot on the 2014 Emmy's red…

White was one of the big trends on the Emmy's red carpet.

Food

Recipe: Samuel Adams beer-marinated grilled shrimp

Summer calls for two things: a cold beer and light food. Sam Adams' Latitude 48 IPA fairly bursts with citrus notes, making it an ideal marinade…

Wellbeing

4 healthy ingredient swaps to make your meals…

When it comes to eating well, everyone knows they could be doing better. But cooking in an apartment on a busy schedule is a recipe…

Wellbeing

Heart trumps brain when it comes to movies…

When you need a good cry, do you reach for the movie that’s “based on a true story”? Science says you’re giving your brain far…