Bomb-makers find new jobs

Twenty years ago, tens of thousands of people inhabited a Russian city called Arzamas-16, some 220 miles east of Moscow. Officially the city was nonexistent; unofficially, its residents were building the Soviet Union’s mighty nuclear arsenal.

“Arzamas-16 was one of 10 closed cities in the Soviet Union where residents worked on nuclear weapons around the clock,” explains Raphael Della Ratta, project manager at the Partnership for Global Security. “The cities were isolated, but the quality of life was good, because the scientists were involved with national security work.”

When the Cold War flamed out, this army of nuclear experts faced the loss of both status and livelihood. Governments feared a mass exodus of Soviet nuclear weapons experts, eager to sell their expertise to well-paying countries and terrorist groups.

“Nuclear experts were, and still are, under constant supervision,” explains Yuri Yudin, a former Arzamas-16 scientist.

Michael Valentine is a senior manager at the International Science and Technology Center, an intergovernmental organization in charge of keeping ex-Soviet nuclear scientists busy, preferably with marketable pursuits. Today, the residents of Arzamas-16 — now renamed Sarov — make computer chips for Intel.

But the market economy remains a tricky field for the former bomb-makers. “Earlier this year, President Medvedev visited Sarov and talked about ways to create non-defense-related jobs here,” explains Yudin, who now heads Sarov’s new science center.

“We have specialists in mathematics and computers, but they’re not entrepreneurs. Nobody cares about marketing.”


Hurricane Odile batters Mexico's Baja resorts, sparks looting

Hurricane Odile injured dozens of people, forced the evacuation of thousands and smashed shops open to looters in the popular tourist area of Baja, Mexico.


Apple iPhone 6 pre-orders hit record 4 million…

By Lehar Maan(Reuters) - Apple Inc said many customers will need to wait until next month for their new iPhones after a record 4 million…


LAPD investigates complaint from detained 'Django' actress

The LAPD is investigating after "Django Unchained" actress Daniele Watts accused police of violating her rights when they detained her.


Number of New York City smokers increase, topping…

For the first time since 2007, there are  more than one million smokers in New York City, according to the New York City Department of…


Newsflash: Corey Stoll is still not a man

In director Shaun Levy's "This Is Where I Leave You," Corey Stoll stars as the oldest of four adult children (the others are played by…


If you don't like Simon Pegg's new film,…

Simon Pegg goes all out in "Hector and the Search for Happiness" as the titular psychiatrist stymied by modern life who embarks on a globetrotting…


Art in Chelsea: Don't miss these 3 galleries

We selected three sure bets for seeing cool art in the galleries of Chelsea.


Robin Thicke blurs lines further with new 'Blurred…

"The reality is," said Robin Thicke about "Blurred Lines" in a court deposition, "Pharrell had the beat and he wrote almost every single part of the song."


Tom Coughlin says Giants 'beat themselves' against Cardinals

Head coach Tom Coughlin, who had a day to cool off and reflect, still sounded like he had a gnawing feeling in his gut.


Marty Mornhinweg accepts blame for Jets timeout fiasco

Jets fans looking for a scapegoat for Sunday’s timeout fiasco found a willing party on Monday: Marty Mornhinweg.


3 things we learned in Jets loss to…

The wheels came off for the Jets, who gave up 21 unanswered points after a brilliant first 20 minutes in a 31-24 loss at the Packers.


Victor Cruz catches case of the drops in…

The Giants dropped a tough, 25-14, decision to the undermanned Cardinals Sunday in their home opener. And drop was the operative word of the day,…


World's most hipster cities: Top 5

Travel blogger Adam Groffman tells us his picks for the Top 5 most hipster cities in the world.


The top 5 regrets recent high school grads…

College application season can seem like a blur for many students - as test prep, campus visits and filling out a seemingly endless stream of…


Tech execs tend to limit their kids' screen…

You probably got your iPad before Bill Gates's kids did.


Wellbeing: Daybreaker returns, Ray Rice jersey trade, Sweet…

  Now that Ray Rice is no longer with the Baltimore Ravens — or any other NFL team — after video footage surfaced showing him…