Timeline of 1994 genocide in Rwanda (GRAPHIC PHOTOS)

Skeletal remains are strewn on the ground May 5, 1994 in Rukara, Rwanda. Hundreds of Tutsis were killed at the Rukara Catholic mission April, 1994 in one of the worst massacres of the Rwandan violence.

With its origins as a League of Nations protectorate in 1918, Rwanda has seen decades of strife between its Hutu and Tutsi populations.

These are some of the key dates in Rwanda’s history:

1973-1986: Hutu president Juvenal Habyarimana runs an effective one—party state until the Tutsi—dominated Rwandan Patriotic Front is formed.

October 1990: RPF guerrillas invade Rwanda from neighboring Uganda. A ceasefire is signed in March 1991.

August 1993: Habyarimana and the RPF sign a peace accord allowing for a RPF/Hutu coalition government.

Jan. 10, 1994: General Romeo Dallaire, head of UN peacekeepers in Rwanda, sends a cable to New York warning of impending genocide. He is ordered to do nothing.

April 6, 1994: Habyarimana dies when his plane is shot down over Kigali. Radio Television Libres Des Mille Collines blames “Tutsi cockroaches.” The killing of Tutsi begins.

April 11, 1994: Belgian UN peacekeepers withdraw, abandoning 5,000 Tutsis, almost all of whom are killed. They are among nearly 1 million who would be killed in the coming months.

April 30 1994: The UN Security Council spends eight hours discussing the situation. It omits the word “genocide” in a resolution.
 
July 1994: The Tutsi-dominated RPF captures Kigali. Nearly 1 million people, mainly Tutsis, are dead after 100 days of genocide.

March 2000: Paul Kagame becomes president of Rwanda.

2000-2012: Rwanda produces exceptional economic growth and levels of healthcare. It is praised by Western governments as a model of stability in Africa.

2000-2012: But UN claims persist that it is fomenting rebellion in neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo, where Hutu extremists behind the 1994 genocide are said to have fled.

Aug. 29, 2012: Rwanda is expected to join the UN Security Council.
 

 

Images of Rwandan genocide, the relief effort and Rwandan President Paul Kagame. Click image for more information.


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