Today in medicine: Sleeping habits linked to obesity

Could this be the secret to losing weight?

Link between sleep and obesity
Study subjects: Various laboratory studies
Location of study: U.S.
Results: Research published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics shows strong evidence of a link between a lack of sleep and obesity. Researchers found that people who got four to six hours of sleep for several days had dysfunctional metabolic hormones. Two metabolic hormones, ghrelin and leptin, tell the body when it’s hungry and full, respectively. Higher ghrelin and lower leptin were found in sleep-deprived subjects.
Significance: More than 28 percent of adults are estimated to get less than six hours of sleep a night, two hours less than the recommended eight hours.

Communication’s impact on cancer
Study subjects: 147 newly diagnosed women with breast cancer
Location of study: U.S.
Results: A two-year study at Portland State University found that breast cancer patients who received encouraging news from their physicians and who actively participated in their treatment decisions fared better in fighting the disease.
Significance: A greater level of  satisfaction gave patients a more positive, more hopeful outlook. These positively impacted patients’ chances for survival, researchers concluded.

Female smokers die a decade earlier
Study subjects: Various data
Location of study: U.K.
Results: British medical journal The Lancet reports on a long-term study of female smokers that shows that lifelong smokers died 10 years earlier than those who never smoked at all. Women who quit before they were 30 almost entirely cut their risk of premature death from smoking.
Significance: This is the largest study of female smokers in the U.K. to date.

Vitamin D deficiency in women found to be seasonal
Study subjects: 244 women with various health conditions
Location of study: U.S.
Results: New research presented at the annual 2012 American Society for Clinical Pathology meeting in Boston last week suggested a link between seasonal vitamin D deficiency in women and worsening of existing conditions such as osteoporosis, diabetes, high blood pressure, arthritis, hypothyroidism and cancer.   
Significance: Vitamin D levels are highly likely to drop in the winter because of less sun exposure, for people with and without illnesses. Researchers suggested that women with these health conditions be vigilant of their levels of vitamin D and supplement when necessary. Vitamin D has been associated with health benefits ranging from regulated blood pressure to good heart health.



News
Entertainment
Sports
Lifestyle
National

At 91, Marvel creator Stan Lee continues to…

By Piya Sinha-RoyLOS ANGELES (Reuters) - Marvel Entertainment's chief emeritus Stan Lee may be in his ninth decade, but it hasn't stopped him from adding…

National

Islamic State says beheads U.S. journalist, holds another

Islamic State insurgents released a video purportedly showing the beheading of U.S. journalist James Foley, who had gone missing in Syria nearly two years ago.

Local

VIDEO: NYPD seeks shooter in East New York…

Cops are on the lookout for an unknown shooter who aimed and missed hitting a man on a bicycle, instead nearly striking a nearby officer in East New York.

Local

NYS state forces thrift shops comply with ban…

Nine New York City thrift shops were reprimanded by the state attorney general for selling children's clothes with drawstrings around the neck and waist.

Movies

At 91, Marvel creator Stan Lee continues to…

Marvel Entertainment's Stan Lee is adding outposts to his creative empire to interest a new generation of children in super heroes of all shapes and sizes.

Television

Mira Sorvino explores immortality on 'Intruders'

Mira Sorvino's new show "Intruders" centers around a secret society that achieves immortality by taking over the bodies of other people.

Television

5 things you need to know about new…

"Doctor Who" returns Saturday with a new star, Peter Capaldi. Here's some things to know about him (mainly his turn as sweary spin doctor Malcolm Tucker).

Movies

Interview: Elisabeth Moss on not talking about the…

Elisabeth Moss talks about how it's best if you don't know the opening twist in "The One I Love" and giving up Peggy Olson after nine years of "Mad Men."

MLB

Shane Greene travels unlikely road to Yankees stardom

Shane Greene was throwing a bullpen session on a quiet field at Daytona Beach Community College one day when the ball started moving.

NFL

2014 Fantasy Football: Rankings, list of top NFL…

2014 Fantasy Football: Rankings, list of top NFL tight ends (TE)

MLB

MLB Power Rankings: Angels supplant A's, Nationals climb

MLB Power Rankings: Angels supplant A's, Nationals climb

NFL

David Wilson returns to triple jump, sets sights…

Giants fans know David Wilson can jump. They are just more used to seeing him go for backflips, not distance.

Style

11 timeless gifts for registries or just because

Gifts to prove you're a style maven once and for all.

Parenting

How everyday moments can inspire kids' creativity

"The Artist's Way for Parents" author Julia Cameron gives advice on how parents and children can be creative together.

Tech

How to stay safe online

Stop worrying about keeping your online passwords safe, and start worrying about keeping your username a secret. Actually, worry about both. According to Shaun Murphy…

Tech

OpenTable now lets you pay your bill via…

The restaurant app OpenTable added the ability to pay your bill (and tip) with your phone, thus cutting back on a few dining annoyances.