Today in Medicine: Soda, strokes and gonorrhea
Topic of Study: Treatment-resistant gonorrhea
Study subjects: 291 patients with gonorrhea
Location of study: Canada
The Journal of the American Medical Association has published a report
saying that scientists expect to soon confirm a strain of gonorrhea that
is resistant to current medications. Almost seven percent of gonorrhea
patients at a Canadian clinic had a strain that was not eliminated by
oral antibiotics. people tested were infected with treatment resistant
strains that did not respond to a standard drug therapy
Significance: Though numbers are still small, the medical community says that gonorrhea may one day become immune to treatment.
Topic of Study: Sweetened diet drinks may heighten depression risk
Study subjects: 263,925 adults
Location of study: U.S.
Researchers following a large group of adults since 1995 found that
participants who drank more than four cans of soda, either
sugar-sweetened or diet, on a daily basis were 30 percent more likely to
have been diagnosed with depression. Consuming diet versions of soda
was associated with a greater risk for depression than consuming
versions sweetened with regular sugar.
Significance: No need to
ditch the caffeine just yet: The study also found that coffee lovers are
about 10 percent less likely to develop depression than those who
abstain from it.
Topic of Study: Depressed stroke survivors more likely to die
Study subjects: 10,550 people between the ages of 25 and 74
Location of study: U.S.
Results: Data from a 21-year study in California found that one in three people who suffer strokes develop depression, and the risk of dying from any cause was three times higher in people who had a stroke and depression compared to those who had a stroke without subsequent depression.
Significance: Other studies have found similar results, which might mean that that depression may suppress the body’s healing process.
Topic of Study: China’s one child policy
Study subjects: 421 Chinese adults, ages 29-37
Location of study: Australia
Results: Research published in the journal Science found that Chinese adults raised in single-child families were prone to traits like being pessimistic and less trusting.
Significance: China’s one-child policy, meant to curb a rapidly expanding population, has been highly controversial since its introduction in 1979.