What’s the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes?

We often hear about the dangers of Type 2 diabetes. But what’s there to know about Type 1 diabetes?

“Type 1 is an autoimmune disease. Antibodies attack the pancreas, and it gets knocked out and can’t produce insulin,” explains Dr. Jerome Tolbert, the medical director for outreach at Beth Israel Medical Center’s Gerald J. Friedman Diabetes Institute. “People with Type 1 diabetes have to take insulin to live. It’s a lifelong thing they have to do everyday.”

Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, occurs when the body resists insulin, often developing as a result of poor lifestyle habits. Type 1 was once called juvenile diabetes because of its tendency to affect children and teens. Its cause remains unknown, and there are no indicators of who might be at risk of developing the disease.

Tolbert stresses that the condition needs full commitment from the patient and a support team of doctors, family and staff at the child’s school. But the ailment can be managed.

“It is intense and quite stressful, but there’s a lot that can be done,” Tolbert says. “We have lots of tools and excellent insulin delivery.”

The importance of checkups

If a Type 1 diabetic’s blood sugar levels aren’t kept in check, it can lead to complications like vision issues and high cholesterol.

“Complications are very common,” says Tolbert. “But they can be prevented if blood sugar levels are monitored several times a day and patients get a three-month checkup with their doctors. It is a really serious condition and people need to understand that.”


News
Entertainment
Sports
Lifestyle
National

Florida man charged with murdering son to play…

A Florida man annoyed that his 16-month-old crying son was preventing him from playing video games suffocated the toddler, police said on Friday.

International

Powerful 7.2 magnitude earthquake rattles Mexico

A powerful earthquake struck Mexico Friday, shaking buildings and sending people running into the street, although there were no reports of major damage.

News

OMG! Exercise can make skin (and butt) look…

A moderate exercise regime can turn back time and actually reverse the skin's aging process, according to new research. The study showed that a minimum…

Local

Oval oasis: Summer of fun kicks off this…

A bold partnership between the Fairmount Park Conservancy and the city's Parks and Recreation Department is kicking off this weekend with family activities re-activating this unused public space.

Entertainment

Whoopi Goldberg makes her debut as marijuana columnist

"It helps my head stop hurting, and with glaucoma your eyes ache, and she takes the ache out. It's wonderful," she said.

The Word

Kate Middleton made fun of Prince William's bald…

Kate Middleton and Prince William are in Sydney, Australia, right now, and it sounds like that brash Aussie sense of humor might be rubbing off.

The Word

Is Tom Cruise dating Laura Prepon?

"Mission: Impossible" star Cruise is said to be dating Laura Prepon, star of "Orange is the New Black."

Television

'Scandal' recap: Season 3, Episode 18, 'The Price…

Sally is Jesus, Olivia caused global warming, and Mellie's still drunk. Let's recap the Scandal finale. A church full of Washington insiders is about to…

MLB

Jimmy Rollins is key to Phillies success

When John Kruk was asked about what the Phillies need to contend for a playoff berth, the ESPN analyst said Jimmy Rollins needs to play like a MVP again.

MLB

Ben Revere lifts Phillies to avoid sweep

Ben Revere came through with a two-out RBI single against Atlanta’s tough lefthander Alex Wood.

NBA

Season wrap: 76ers make the grade

The 76ers opened the 2013-14 season with a victory over the Miami Heat. The Sixers closed the season with a win at Miami.

NBA

Fantasy basketball: Finding next year's NBA studs

Before we put the 2013-14 fantasy basketball season to bed, it’s worth thinking about next year’s breakouts while they’re fresh in our mind.

Tech

VIDEO: 'Vein-scanning' may become the future of paying

Designed to make transactions quicker and easier, the technology works by scanning the unique vein patterns in each person's palm.

Tech

#FollowFriday: 10 of the smartest Twitter accounts

Spending lots of time on Twitter? You might as well learn something. Here are some of the smartest accounts to follow.

Style

Light-up nail art syncs with phone

This Japanese technology syncs light-up nail art with your phone.

Wellbeing

Why is dance cardio taking off in NYC?

Instructors at some of the city's hottest classes explain why.