Today in medicine: Geography affects sleeping patterns

Sorry, East Coasters — the West Coast gets the best Z’s.

America’s best sleepers
Study subjects: 157,319 people in 36 states
Location of study
: U.S.
Results: According to researchers at the University of Pennsylvania, people living in Southern states endure more sleep disturbance, while people in the West get better sleep. Oklahoma, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama and West Virginia had the highest rates of sleep problems.
Significance: Geographic links to sleep patterns is a new area of study; but regional differences in health care and poverty levels, as well as ethnicity, are cited as strong factors affecting sleep.

Citrus may ward off female strokes
Study subjects: 70,000 women
Location of study: U.K.
Results: A study published in “Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association” found that women who had the highest dietary intake of flavonoids were 19 percent less likely to suffer ischemic stroke, which obstructs blood flow to the brain. Flavonoids are especially high in oranges and grapefruits.
Significance: The role flavonoids may play in protecting against stroke or cardiovascular disease is still uncertain. But vitamin C is a natural anti-inflammatory, which could help keep blood vessels healthy.

Improper condom use common
Study subjects: Sexually active adults
Location of study: Worldwide
Results: “Sexual Health” journal published new studies documenting worldwide condom use and found that the avoidance and incorrect use of condoms is commonplace. Researchers called for improved education and instruction on properly using protection.
Significance: Researchers pointed out that AIDS is increasing in the U.S. Condoms are a vital factor in stemming the disease, as well as other sexually transmitted diseases and unplanned pregnancies.
 
H5N1 flu and mortality
Study subjects: 12,000 people in Asia, Europe and Africa
Location of study: U.S.
Results: A new study from “Science” journal devalues the World Health Organization’s figures on H5N1 bird flu — which was reported to kill nearly 60 percent of infected people — suggesting the fatality rate may be much lower. Most subjects of the study infected with bird flu did not get sick, and none of them perished.
Significance: Because the number of people infected with H5N1 is higher than WHO thought, the fatality percentage was lowered; however, there is no concrete data on what the true fatality rate is. 


News
Entertainment
Sports
Lifestyle
National

New statue of Penn State's Paterno set for…

By David DeKokHARRISBURG, Pennsylvania (Reuters) - Fundraising for a new statue depicting Joe Paterno "as the man he was and not Joe the football coach"…

National

On newly released tape, 'Squeaky' Fromme says was…

Manson Family member Squeaky Fromme told a mental health examiner in newly released interview the "X" she carved in her forehead was meant to separate her from "the system."

Local

New York-based Century 21 store coming to The…

The former Strawbridge & Clothier building will once again host a department store. City officials on Thursday announced New York-based Century 21 Department Stores will…

National

Electric Zoo tickets on sale Tuesday as festival…

Electric Zoo tickets go on sale Tuesday. The festival announced plans to amp up security after two attendees died last year from apparent drug overdoses.

Music

Championship of Collegiate a Cappella: Students who are…

Tickets to this Saturday’s International Championship of Collegiate a Cappella reportedly sold out within 11 hours of going on sale.

Music

M.I.A. talks 'Matangi,' divinity, spontaneity and holograms

"There’s pressure for me to become a theatrical production like 'Glee,' or something" says M.I.A., "It’s like, 'the pressure’s on, bitches.'"

Movies

Tribeca: 'Goodbye to All That' star Paul Schneider…

Paul Schneider talks about his new film "Goodbye to All That," not acting too much and how he'd rather indulge in simple pleasures than play the scene.

The Word

Taylor Swift battles paparazzi daily at Tribeca penthouse

We're entranced by these photos of poor Taylor Swift leaving her Tribeca apartment.

NBA

Jason Collins named to Time's 100 Most Influential…

Jason Collins was named to the list after coming out as the first openly gay player to appear in an NBA game.

MLB

The return of Cole Hamels brings optimism

Cole Hamels’ quality start Wednesday was a nice change of pace from his recent season debuts.

MLB

Tony Gwynn Jr. a nice surprise for Phillies

Tony Gwynn Jr. has been a plus in every way for the Phillies.

NFL

2014 NFL Mock Draft: Updated, new April 24…

2014 NFL Mock Draft: Updated, new April 24 version

Food

Hai Street Kitchen opening in Rittenhouse May 22

Japanese cuisine will get a Chipotle-style twist at Hai Street Kitchen & Co., a new casual, quick-food restaurant opening near Rittenhouse Square on May 22.…

Parenting

New study: Inside the wage gap between boys…

According to a new study, there's a wage gap between boys and girls, with boys earning more allowance for less chores.

Tech

From Apple TV to Fire TV, big changes…

Apple is set to launch a new generation of it's Apple TV, which grossed over $1 billion in 2013. But competition from Amazon and Google looms.

Style

Katy Perry releases a new Claire’s collection

Katy Perry expands her empire by releasing an accessories collection at Claire's.