NEW YORK (Reuters) – In his first days in office, U.S. President Joe Biden issued a wave of executive orders and proclamations aimed at dismantling some of former President Donald Trump’s agenda and bolstering the nation’s COVID-19 response.
Biden also ordered the establishment a variety of environmental protections and changes to immigration policy.
Here is a list of the moves.
All new and pending rules passed in the last days of Trump’s tenure will be reviewed by department and agency heads.
Reverses Trump’s decision to withdraw from the Paris agreement, an international pact aimed at curbing emissions that cause global warming.
CLIMATE CHANGE DOMESTIC POLICIES
Directs agencies to purchase American-made, zero-emission vehicles in an effort to create union jobs, suspends new oil and natural gas leases on public lands and conserves at least 30 percent of federal lands and waters by 2030.
Reverse Trump policy that barred entry to the U.S. for refugees and residents from seven predominantly Muslim countries and orders plans within 45 days for resuming visa processing.
Mandated mask-wearing and social distancing on all federal properties.
GOVERNMENT-WIDE COVID-19 RESPONSE
Creates a position of COVID-19 response coordinator, who will advise the president and oversee the distribution of vaccines, tests and other supplies.
Reverses a Trump policy that cracked down on communities shielding undocumented immigrants from deportation.
Direct all federal agencies to conduct equity assessments and reallocate resources to advance equity for all, including people of color and others who have been historically undeserved and marginalized.
Overturned Trump’s attempt to exclude undocumented immigrants during the 2020 census.
Revoke the permit for the Keystone XL pipeline, a 1,200-mile pipeline system projected to carry crude oil from Canada to the United States.
DISCRIMINATION OVER GENDER, SEXUAL ORIENTATION
Extends federal non-discrimination protections to members of the LGBTQ community, building off the landmark Supreme Court decision in Bostock v. Clayton County, Georgia.
Requires all government appointees to sign an ethics pledge prohibiting the acceptance of gifts from registered lobbyists and lobbying for at least two years after exiting the government.
Halts the construction and funding of the wall at U.S. southern border.
Extends the freeze on federal student loan payments.
Reaffirms an Obama-era program known as DACA that Trump had sought to dismantle that shielded undocumented immigrants who arrived in the United States as children from deportation.
TRANSGENDER MILITARY BAN
Repeals the ban on transgender people serving openly in the military.
Directs agencies to strengthen requirements about purchasing products and services from U.S. workers and businesses and to “close loopholes that allow companies to offshore production and jobs while still qualifying for domestic preferences.”
Scrapped a batch of Trump-era executive actions that restricted how federal agencies make regulatory changes, including one measure requiring agencies to discard two regulations for every one proposed.
Directs the head of the Office of Budget and Management to oversee an effort to “modernize and improve” the regulatory review process.
COVID TRAVEL RESTRICTIONS
Reinstates travel restrictions affecting non-U.S. citizens traveling from Brazil and much of Europe, which Trump had scrapped days before his term ended.
COVID TRAVEL SAFETY
Mandates mask-wearing on all forms of public transportation, including in airports, airplanes and buses.
Directs the secretary of health to support research on COVID-19 treatments and increase support for critical care and long-term care facilities like nursing homes.
Directs all department and agency heads to facilitate the gathering, sharing and publication of COVID data.
NATIONAL GUARD COVID RESPONSE
Directs the secretaries of defense and homeland security to support governors’ deployment of the National Guard in efforts to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 and provides federal funding.
DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT
Invokes the Defense Production Act to ramp up supplies for the pandemic response and requested the heads of various departments to assess the nationwide availability of personal protective equipment.
HEALTH EQUITY TASK FORCE
Creates the COVID-19 Health Equity Task Force, which will provide recommendations on the allocation of resources and funding in light of “disparities in COVID-19 outcomes by race, ethnicity and other factors.
Directs the Department of Education to develop guidance for elementary and secondary schools in deciding when and how to reopen.
PANDEMIC WORKPLACE SAFETY
Directs the Department of Labor to revise and issue new guidance for employers to promote the health and safety of their workers, such as mask-wearing in the workplace.
COVID TESTING BOARD
Creates a pandemic testing board that will coordinate national efforts to promote COVID diagnostic, screening and surveillance testing.
Extends the 15% increase in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits and allow states to increase SNAP emergency allotments.
VETERANS WITH DEBT
Asks the Department of Veterans Affairs to consider freeze on federal debt and overpayment collection from about 2 million veterans.
COVID WORK SAFETY
Requests the Department of Labor to consider clarifying its rules to establish that workers have a federally guaranteed right to refuse employment that will jeopardize their health and that workers who do so will still qualify for unemployment insurance.
“BENEFIT DELIVERY TEAMS”
Establishes “a network of benefit delivery teams,” which will coordinate with state and federal agencies to facilitate the distribution of federal aid amid the pandemic.
DELIVERY OF STIMULUS PAYMENTS
Directs the Treasury Department to consider taking a series of actions to expand and improve delivery of direct stimulus payments, including the creation of online tools for recipients to claim their checks.
COVID ECONOMIC RELIEF
Directs all government departments and agencies to identify actions they can take within existing authorities to address the current economic crisis resulting from the pandemic.
FEDERAL WORKS, CONTRACTORS
Reverses Trump-era regulations that rolled back protections for federal employees, including a rule that made it easier to hire and fire civil servants in policy-making positions.
Blocks the deportation of Liberian refugees living in the United States, reinstating the deferment of their enforced departure granted by the presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama.
TRUMP HOUSING POLICIES
Directs the Department of Housing and Urban Development to examine the effects of the previous administration’s regulatory actions.
Directs the attorney general not to renew Department of Justice contracts with private prisons.
Emphasizing the administration’s commitment to respecting the sovereignty of American Indian and Alaska Native tribes.
Urges the Department of Health and Human Services to consider issuing guidance on cultural competency and sensitivity toward Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders as part of the nation’s COVID response
Directs the director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy to review agency policies on scientific integrity.
PRESIDENTIAL COUNCIL ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
The president will solicit input from a council of advisors on science and technology, which will advise Biden on scientific and technical information.
MEDICAID, AFFORDABLE CARE ACT
Directs agencies to re-examine policies that could have undermined protections for people with pre-existing conditions, complicated the process of enrolling in Medicaid and the Affordable Care Act and reduced coverage and affordability of the programs.
REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH CARE
Revokes the “Mexico City policy,” also known as the global gag rule, a Reagan-era policy renewed by Trump that blocks federal funding to foreign organizations that perform abortions or provide abortion counseling or referrals. Also rescinds Trump regulations under the Title X family planning program that pulled funding from hundreds of women’s health clinics across the country in 2019.
(Reporting By Jarrett Renshaw; Editing by Alistair Bell)