Location:14 countries including the U.S., Canada and Great Britain
Study subjects: Over 330,000 people
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Results: If working late is part of your regular routine, chances are you drink more alcohol than people with lighter work schedules – at least that’s what a recent study out of the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health suggests. Researchers specifically linked working more than 48 hours per week to risky alcohol consumption.
Significance: Researchers say that many workers put in longer hours so they can snag promotions and raises sooner. Having more control over work and environment was also cited. The study builds on previous research regarding the role longer working hours play on overall health. Prior studies have drawn an association between working overtime and problems withheart health. Similarly, excessive work hours have also been linked todepression.
Location of study:U.S.
Results:The FDA has approved an implantable device that uses neuroblocking technology to promote weight loss. The device, called the Maestro Rechargeable System, sends intermittent electrical pulses that disrupt nerve activity between the stomach and brain. By blocking these signals, patients become less hungry. The digestive process also slows down so that food stays in the stomach longer.
Significance:This represents a departure from traditional weight-loss approaches, including restrictive and malabsorptive surgeries. The device is implanted through a reversible outpatient procedure that does not alter or restrict the patient’s anatomy. Patients can also continue to eat normally afterward.
Location of study:U.S.
Study subjects: 60 adults with moderate Alzheimer’s disease or mild cognitive impairment
Results:A new nasal spray containing a manufactured form of insulin may offer hope for folks with Alzheimer’s disease or mild cognitive impairment (MCI). In a recent study out of Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, people who used the spray for three weeks experienced significant improvement in memory scores.
Significance: Insulin is a crucial part of healthy brain function. For people with Alzheimer’s, it’s also notably decreased in the central nervous system. While previous studies have found boosting insulin levels to improve working memory, this study is novel in that it’s the first to look at the effects of a man-made form of the hormone.
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