LONDON - Former Royal Bank of Scotland chief Fred Goodwin, who led the bank into near collapse, has been stripped of his knighthood, the British government said Tuesday.

The Cabinet Office said the knighthood had been "cancelled and annulled" because Goodwin had brought the honours system into disrepute.

Revoking knighthoods is rare, but the government said "the scale and severity of the impact of his actions as CEO of RBS made this an exceptional case."

Since he left RBS in 2008 with a multimillion-dollar pension as the bank was foundering, Goodwin has become, in the view of many Britons, a high-profile public villain of the financial crisis.

Goodwin built the Royal Bank of Scotland into one of the world's largest banks and was knighted in 2004 for services to banking. But he led the bank to disaster four years later with a takeover of the Dutch bank ABN Amro, paying a high price just as the credit crisis was starting to bite.

Goodwin resigned in October 2008 as the bank was failing, provoking the public's ire by leaving with 16 million pounds ($25 million) in pension benefits.

The British government spent 45 billion pounds bailing out and nationalizing RBS, and taxpayers now own an 82 per cent stake.

A report on RBS published last year by the Financial Services Authority blamed the RBS debacle on bad decisions, rather than dishonesty or any violation of regulations.

The government said that under the circumstances, "the retention of a Knighthood for 'services to banking' could not be sustained."

Prime Minister David Cameron welcomed the move and called it "the right decision."

"The FSA report into what went wrong at RBS made clear where the failures lay and who was responsible," he said in a statement.

Queen Elizabeth II removed Goodwin's title on the advice of the Forfeiture Committee, which usually acts only against people sentenced to more than three months in prison for a criminal offence, or who have lost their professional license or been censured by a regulatory or professional body.

RBS declined Tuesday to comment on the decision to annul its former chief's knighthood. Goodwin was not immediately reachable for comment.

In losing the title, Goodwin joins a group that also includes the spy Anthony Blunt, Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe and former Romanian President Nicolae Ceausescu.

Goodwin, 53, is likely to retain his other title — "Fred the Shred," a tribute to his aggressive cost-cutting while expanding RBS.

Public and political pressure has been mounting on the current executives of the bank to renounce hefty bonuses they were awarded at a time when many Britons face painful spending cuts and tax hikes.

Goodwin's replacement, Stephen Hester, announced Sunday he would not accept a bonus of 1 million pounds in shares. The day before, RBS chairman Philip Hampton waived his own bonus of 1.4 million pounds in shares.

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