A heavy snowstorm and dangerously cold conditions gripped the northeastern United States on Friday, delaying flights, paralyzing road travel, and closing schools and government offices across the region.
Boston was hardest hit by the first major winter storm of 2014, getting nearly 14 inches of snow, while some towns north of New England's largest city saw close to 2 feet of accumulation.
Snow and cold stretched from the lower Mississippi Valley to the Atlantic coast, with Washington and New York's morning commutes also hampered by several inches of fresh powder.
Meteorologists said the snow would taper off across much of the region by late morning, but dangerously cold conditions were expected to linger into Saturday. The National Weather Service said the mass of Arctic air would drop temperatures to 20 to 30 degrees Fahrenheit below normal, with record lows possible in some areas on Friday.
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"Over the next 24 hours we are going to see temperatures like we haven't seen in quite a while," said Peter Judge, a spokesman for the Massachusetts Emergency Management Agency. "Parts of the state are going to see temperatures 20 degrees below zero -- not with wind chill, real temperatures. It's going to be problematic."
Washington received more than 2 inches of snow, Baltimore some 3 to 6 inches, Philadelphia roughly 5 inches, Hartford 6 to 10 inches and Boston some 14 inches.
Some 1,708 flights were canceled and 949 were delayed early Friday, according to FlightAware.com, which tracks air traffic.
Newark Liberty International Airport, LaGuardia Airport in New York and Boston Logan International Airport reported the most canceled departures.
New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport suspended operations as the city's three major airports prepared hundreds of cots to accommodate stranded travelers.
The United Nations in New York and federal courts in New Jersey shut down, and New York public schools and the City University of New York closed. Schools were also closed in Hoboken and Jersey City, in New Jersey, and in Boston and Providence, Mass.
Connecticut Gov. Dannel Malloy told CNN Friday morning that most schools and colleges in the state were closed. The governors of New York and New Jersey declared states of emergency.
'Not too happy'
The storm posed the first major challenge to Bill de Blasio, the newly elected mayor of New York.
De Blasio said nearly 2,500 snow plows were on the streets of the biggest U.S. city as of early Friday, with the highest accumulation reportedly at 6.5 inches.
De Blasio posted a photo of himself on his Twitter feed shoveling the walk in front of his Brooklyn brownstone. He urged New Yorkers to stay home, saying, "This has been and remains a dangerous storm."
Some New Yorkers grumbled about the city's response.
"I'm sure Mayor de Blasio is doing what he can, but a lot of the streets haven't been cleared at all and I'm not too happy about that," said Anesha Jones, 26, as she walked through Brooklyn to her job as a bank teller. She added that bus and subway delays added an hour to her regular commute.
Others took the storm in stride.
"It's winter. It snowed. It happens," said Mark Kulpa as he shoveled a sidewalk outside his Brooklyn workplace.
He said the response was better than during the Christmas 2010 blizzard, where then-Mayor Michael Bloomberg came under heavy criticism for the city's slow response while he was out of town on vacation.
"At least they are out plowing and spreading salt. That's already a step up," Kulpa said. "But really, what can you say in two days and just after a big storm?"
New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo said the storm had little impact on New York City's transportation network, but blizzard-like conditions meant rail service on Long Island would run on weekend schedules.
In Massachusetts, 3,338 crews were clearing roads, with 999 working on the heavily hit North Shore district alone, the state Department of Transportation said.
In Boston, downtown was sparsely populated, with many workers heeding Gov. Deval Patrick's suggestion to stay home and avoid traveling on icy roadways.
The heaviest snowfall came north of Boston, where the towns of Boxford and Topsfield, about 24 miles away, each saw close to two feet of accumulation.
In Washington, the Office of Personnel Management told hundreds of thousands of federal workers they could work from home or take an unscheduled leave because of the storm.
A city worker in Philadelphia was killed after a machine he was using was crushed by a mound of de-icing rock salt, NBC News reported. In Chicago, a man was in critical condition after being pulled out of an icy Lake Michigan by firefighters.
Massachusetts officials were also watching for possible coastal flooding in communities including the wealthy town of Scituate, located about 30 miles south of Boston, and parts of the Cape Cod beach resort areas.
Some residents of low-lying areas evacuated their homes overnight ahead of the last high tide, which came at midnight, Judge said, with more evacuations expected ahead of the next high tide at noon Friday.