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Lack of ice leaves seal mothers, pups in peril

MONTREAL - An exceptional lack of sea ice on the Gulf of St. Lawrencethis winter has left seal mothers with few places to bear their youngor to feed their pups.

MONTREAL - An exceptional lack of sea ice on the Gulf of St. Lawrence this winter has left seal mothers with few places to bear their young or to feed their pups.

The conditions have led to numerous sightings of fuzzy, days-old critters wallowing on beaches, where many wait to die.

But the biggest threat to the seal pups might be well-intentioned landlubbers hoping to lend a hand.

“They (humans) react as if they have found a lost kitten or a lost puppy dog,” said Veronik de la Cheneliere, a spokeswoman for the Quebec Marine Mammal Emergency Response Network.

“They want to touch the animal, they want to help him, they want to bring it back to the water.

“They are quite adorable little animals, but they are wild animals.”

Some people have even carted the big-eyed creatures, which weigh between 10 and 20 kilograms depending on the species, back home where they try to nurse them to health, de la Cheneliere said Tuesday.

But she said human interaction can add stress to the situation and diseases can be spread to and from the seals.

Her organization has received five direct reports of young harp or hooded seal pups marooned on Quebec's North Shore, Iles-de-la-Madeleine and the Gaspe Peninsula. They have also heard many second-hand accounts of sightings along the shoreline.

The iconic harp seal pups are known for their big, black eyes and fluffy white coats, while the young hooded seals can be identified by their dark, blue-grey fur and white bellies.

Neither the hooded nor the harp seals found off Quebec's shores are listed as at-risk species, but both can be hunted seasonally in the province with a permit.

De la Cheneliere said a couple of the seaside samaritans have made inquiries on that very subject.

“Some of them have been asking if they could nurse them to life, (but) then when they understood the implications and why it wasn't a good idea, they asked if they could get the coat,” she said.

With the unusual shortage of ice on the Gulf this year, de la Cheneliere's group is predicting higher mortality rates for young seals.

Still, not every beached pup perishes on the shore - some find their way back to the water and survive, she said.

A marine mammal specialist for the Department of Fisheries and Oceans recently told The Canadian Press he also expects the death rate for seal pups to rise this year from its average of 15 per cent.

But Mike Hammill doesn't believe the added deaths would have a major impact on the Eastern Canada seal populations, which number about seven million in total.

An Environment Canada ice forecaster recently said the sea-ice levels recorded in the Gulf this winter are about as low as any readings since the 1960s.

 
 
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