By Matthias Williams
CHISINAU (Reuters) - Moldovan Prime Minister Pavel Filip said on Wednesday that Russia was not offering enough help to his government to track down and recover $1 billion that was siphoned from the banking system.
The scandal, in which around one-eighth of Moldova's gross domestic product disappeared mostly in unsupported loans, caused uproar in the ex-Soviet country and discredited the pro-European leadership that has pivoted it away from Moscow.
Bringing more transparency to the financial sector in Europe's poorest country is a crucial reform needed for Chisinau to secure a memorandum with the International Monetary Fund.
That in turn would unlock aid from the European Union on which the 2016 state budget, which has yet to be approved by parliament, relies.
But only 600 million Moldovan lei ($30.5 million) of the missing $1 billion have been clawed back.
"As regards identifying assets, for example, we are working very well with some of the countries. The Baltics for example, where they're really putting the finger on assets or they're showing us exactly what's the network, the chain by which something was passed over," Filip said in an interview.
"Truth is we're not really working well with the Russian Federation as regards this info on their side. As regards any possible financial chains or networks coming via Russia or towards Russia, as regards the money."
Russian lender VEB Capital had a 24.9 percent stake in one of the banks involved in the scandal, Banca de Economii, while one oligarch suspected of involvement in the scandal was believed to have ties to Russia.
Russia's foreign ministry declined to comment on assistance to Moldova in investigating the scandal. The investigative committee, the Russian state body that investigates crime, did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
Filip, who took over in January amid street protests as the fifth prime minister since 2009, stressed that Moldova and Russia were working on a co-operation agreement between their respective prosecutors, which may improve matters.
Some, including former Prime Minister Ion Sturza, have said the Moldovan banks were a hub for Russian money laundering.
Filip's government is waiting for recommendations from the Kroll consultancy on how best to recover the assets.
"We are focusing on asset recovery actions. And this is our expectations from the Kroll company to identify all the assets and subsequently to tell us what actions can be legally done," Filip said.
IN THE DRIVING SEAT
Sitting in front of an EU flag, Filip outlined a series of reform measures to restore public confidence in the political system and to show Moldovans that the government is working in their best interests.
The central bank will receive more powers to step in quickly to tackle problems, instead of waiting for permission from the ministry of justice as it had to before, Filip said.
A move to slash the number of intrusive inspections - currently at 69 - by government institutions into businesses to check on their operations will make the investment climate more favorable, he said.
Another reform will change the mandate of the anti-corruption agency to focus only on high-level cases. The move follows in the footsteps of Romania, which has seen an unprecedented crackdown on graft by some of its richest and most powerful politicians and businessman.
But while the political situation in Moldova has stabilized, opposition to Filip's government has been vocal.
Protests in January trained their fire on the prime minister's close ties with Vladimir Plahotniuc, Moldova's richest man and first deputy leader of the ruling Democratic Party, who is seen by critics as pulling the strings.
Filip dismissed the idea.
"I would use a metaphor. At that moment in January I was well aware of the fact that I was taking the keys of a car that was broken, that it has no fuel," he said, speaking through a translator. "The truth is, I am driving that car, I am in the driver's seat, and I am happy to drive this car to success."
($1 = 19.6500 Moldovan lei)
(Additional reporting by Alexander Tanas in Chisinau and Ludmila Danilova in Moscow; Editing by Tom Heneghan)