In 1922, two British archeologists looked inside King Tut's tomb. Howard Carter and the Earl of Carnarvon, his sponsor, were the first to look in the tomb of Pharoah Tutankhamen near Luxor, Egypt, since it had been sealed 3,000 years before. Unlike other tombs, which had been looted over the centuries, Tut's tomb was complete with golden statues and a golden throne inlaid with gems. It took three years to empty the tomb of its valuables, which are now displayed in the Cairo Museum of Egyptian Antiquities.


Also on this date:


In 1539, in England, the monastery at the Fountains Abbey was surrendered to the Crown. It was the richest of the Cistercian houses, prior to the time of the Dissolution of all monasteries in England, under the reign of Henry VIII.


In 1789, a day of thanksgiving was set aside by U.S. President George Washington to observe the adoption of the Constitution of the United States.


In 1825, the first college social fraternity, Kappa Alpha, was formed at Union College in Schenectady, N.Y.


In 1832, the first streetcars in North America, drawn by horses, began service in New York.

In 1842, the founders of the University of Notre Dame arrived at the school's present-day site near South Bend, Indiana.

In 1857, Australia's first parliament opened in Melbourne.

In 1864, 12-year-old Alice Liddell received the first copy of “Alice in Wonderland,” an early Christmas gift from Charles Dodgson, who wrote under the name Lewis Carroll.

In 1876, the inventor of air conditioning, Willis Carrier was born near Angola, N.Y. He built and installed the first air conditioning unit in 1902 to control heat and humidity in a New York City printing plant. Carrier, who launched the heating and air conditioning company that bears his name in 1915, died in 1950.

In 1917, the National Hockey League was founded in Montreal with Frank Calder as president. The NHL replaced the National Hockey Association. Its first teams were the Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Toronto Arenas, Ottawa Senators and Quebec Bulldogs.

In 1926, Vincent Massey was appointed the first Canadian ambassador to Washington.

In 1933, a judge in New York decided the James Joyce book “Ulysses” was not obscene and could therefore be published in the United States.

In 1939, basketball inventor James Naismith died in Lawrence, Kan., at 78. The Almonte, Ont.-native devised 13 rules for the game while teaching at Springfield College in Massachusetts in December, 1891.

In 1940, the half million Jews of Warsaw, Poland, were forced by the Nazis to live within a walled ghetto. While Jews from smaller cities and villages were brought in over the next 18 months, starvation and diseases such as typhoid kept the number of people in the walled-in ghetto fairly constant. The Nazis began emptying the ghetto in July, 1942, after the Treblinka concentration camp was completed. In the three years of its existence, the ghetto's population dropped from an estimated 450,000 to 37,000.

In 1943, during the Second World War, “HMT Rohna,” a British transport ship carrying American soldiers, was hit by a German missile off Algeria; 1,138 men were killed.

In 1943, Sir Charles G.D. Roberts, noted Canadian poet and writer of animal stories, died.

In 1949, India adopted a constitution that made it a republic within the British Commonwealth.

In 1950, China entered the Korean War, launching an offensive against soldiers from the United Nations and South Korea.

In 1953, “Le Canada,” a French-language Montreal newspaper, ceased publication after 50 years.

In 1955, the Grey Cup Game was played in B.C. for the first time. The Edmonton Eskimos defeated the Montreal Alouettes 34-19 in Vancouver.

In 1967, the new Bank Act was passed by the Senate and given royal assent. It set operating rules for chartered banks and allowed foreign banks to open branches in Canada. More than 35 affiliates of foreign banks had been operating in Canada at the time but had not been allowed to call themselves banks.

In 1975, the CRTC ordered cable TV companies to black out identical U.S. programs available on Canadian television at the same time.

In 1977, one of Canada's most decorated war heroes died in Winnipeg at age 64. Tommy Prince, a native of Manitoba's Brokenhead reserve, won 10 medals during the Second World War and the Korean War.

In 1981, the House of Commons unanimously passed a constitutional amendment entrenching native rights.

In 1982, the International Olympic Committee agreed to restore the two gold medals won in 1912 by American athlete Jim Thorpe. He was stripped of the medals in 1913 because he had played semi-pro baseball two years before.

In 1983, in the largest robbery in British history, a six-man gang stole about $40 million in gold bullion from the security firm Brinks-Mat Ltd., near Heathrow Airport in London.

In 1986, Ann Harrison of Toronto became the world's first double-lung transplant recipient. The emphysema victim received the lungs of an 18-year-old Kingston, Ont., car crash victim at Toronto General Hospital. When she died from an unrelated brain aneurysm at 56 on April 20, 2001, she was also the world's longest-surviving double-lung recipient.

In 1988, the Roman Catholic Church announced that scientific tests proved the Shroud of Turin was not the burial cloth of Jesus Christ. Dating showed the cloth was no more than 700 years old.

In 1988, delegates at a Parti Quebecois convention agreed that once elected, a PQ government would immediately begin taking steps to bring about the province's political independence. But they also decided the PQ would seek approval for a new constitution from the majority of Quebecers -- probably in a referendum -- before declaring independence.

In 1990, Lee Kuan Yew resigned as Prime Minister of Singapore, ending his reign as the world's longest-serving prime minister. He served 31 years.

In 1992, the British government announced that Queen Elizabeth had volunteered to start paying taxes on her personal income. The Queen had also agreed to take her children off the public payroll.

In 1996, a bill to reform the Elections Act was passed in the House of Commons to allow for voting hours to be staggered across Canada, shorten a federal election campaign, and to create permanent lists of voters.

In 1998, a high-speed express passenger train rammed into a derailed passenger train, 280 kilometres northwest of New Delhi, killing over 200 people.

In 1998, in the first speech ever by a British prime minister to an Irish parliament, Tony Blair predicted that Northern Ireland's troubled peace accord would ultimately work because of a strengthened cooperative spirit uniting Britain and Ireland.

In 1998, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that with increasing prevalence of guns and drugs in Canadian schools, education authorities must be permitted to carry out warrantless searches of students.

In 1998, Don Morin resigned as premier of the Northwest Territories after a report found that he violated conflict-of-interest guidelines seven times relating to property deals in which he and his wife were involved.

In 2000, Industry Minister Brian Tobin and the Newfoundland premier Beaton Tulk promised the Innu they would pay to build a detoxification centre to help treat gas-sniffing Innu children in Labrador.

In 2000, Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris, a Bush partisan, certified him the winner and president-elect, with a 537-vote margin over Democrat Al Gore out of some six million votes cast in Florida. Vice-President Al Gore vowed to fight the certification in the courts. Bush eventually became president after a favourable Supreme Court ruling.

In 2002, Prime Minister Jean Chretien's communication director Francoise Ducros resigned days after she sparked an international uproar by being overheard during a NATO summit in Prague saying that U.S. Prsesident George W. Bush was a “moron.”

Also in 2002, a United Nations report said HIV and AIDS affect 42 million people around the world and for the first time, almost half the adults infected were women.

In 2004, the Ontario Court of Appeal ruled that denying retroactive same-sex benefits to widowed gays and lesbians violated their rights and was unconstitutional.

In 2007, Washington Redskins star safety Sean Taylor was mortally wounded when he was shot during a botched armed robbery at his home in Palmetto Bay, Fla. (Taylor died the next day.)

In 2007, Mel Tolkin, a Montreal-raised writer who helped define the art of sketch comedy during television's “Golden Age,” died at the age of 94.

In 2008, the world's oldest person, Edna Parker, died in Shelbyville, Ind., at the age of 115 years and 220 days.

In 2008, gunmen launched co-ordinated attacks with rifles and grenades on several popular tourist sites, a crowded train station and two luxury hotels, Taj Mahal and Oberoi, in India's financial capital, Mumbai, killing at least 174 people, including two Canadians, and taking several hostages. The attacks continued for over 60 hours during which gunmen specifically targeted Britons and Americans, but most of the dead were local Indians. More than 300 people were wounded, including two Canadians. A group called Deccan Mujahideen claimed responsibility.

In 2009, Rogers Communications Inc. said it would lay off about 900 employees across Canada, mostly in executive and management positions, in an effort to streamline operations to contend with rivals.

In 2009, financial markets worldwide were rocked, including the TSX, after the government of Dubai announced a reorganization of its debt-laden economic development agency.

In 2009, “The Old Stump, Lake Superior,” an oil sketch by Group of Seven member Lawren Harris, sold at a Toronto auction for $3.5 million, the second highest amount ever paid for a painting in Canada. (Paul Kane's “Scene in the Northwest: Portrait of John Henry Lefroy” went for $5.06 million in 2002).

In 2009, five senior Toronto Humane Society officials, including president Tim Trow, and the board of directors were arrested and charged with cruelty to animals after the Toronto location was raided by OSPCA and Toronto police. In Aug. 2010, the charges wered dropped after the Crown laid out a multitude of constitutional problems with search warrants.

In 2009, Al-Jazeera English, the English-language service of the Qatar-based broadcaster, was approved by the CRTC for distribution via digital satellite in Canada.

In 2009, Iran's human rights activist Shirin Ebadi revealed that Iranian authorities had confiscated her 2003 Nobel Peace Prize medal and were demanding taxes on the $1.3 million she was awarded.