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Oct. 23 in history: The Jays win world series; the 1837 rebellion begins and the UN general assembly's first meeting

In 1993, the Toronto Blue Jays became the first team to win theWorld Series on Canadian soil. Joe Carter's three-run homer in thebottom of the ninth inning gave Toronto an 8-6 win over Philadelphia.The defending champions won the series, four games to two.

In 1993, the Toronto Blue Jays became the first team to win the
World Series on Canadian soil. Joe Carter's three-run homer in the
bottom of the ninth inning gave Toronto an 8-6 win over Philadelphia.
The defending champions won the series, four games to two.


Also on this date:


In
4004 B.C., according to the sacred timeline worked out by Archbishop
James Ussher, “the heavens and the earth” were created on this date at
9:00 a.m. (GMT). Ussher's Chronologies of the Old and New Testaments
were first published 1650-54.


In 1239, in England, the main
cathedral at Wells, begun in 1186, was consecrated. The most striking
interior feature of the cathedral are the inverted arches (14th
century) by which the piers of the tower are strengthened.


In
1385, in Germany, the University of Heidelberg was founded under Pope
Urban VI as a college of the Cistercian order. Among its faculties today are theology, law, medicine and philosophy.


In
1707, the first Parliament of Great Britain, created by the Acts of
Union between England and Scotland, held its first meeting.


In 1837, a meeting at St-Charles, Que., marked the beginning of the Rebellion of 1837 in Lower Canada.


In 1847, telegraph service was opened from Montreal to Albany and New York.


In
1864, the Canadian militia arrested 14 U.S. fugitives after the men
robbed three banks in Vermont of $200,000 and killed one person before
heading north to Canada. The men were escaped prisoners of the Civil
War and had been hiding out in Montreal before they went to St. Albans,
Vt., to rob the banks. They returned to Canada with some of the loot,
but only $19,000 was recovered.


In 1874, Harvard beat McGill in the first inter-collegiate football game in Canada.


In
1885, artist Lawren Stewart Harris, a member of the Group of Seven, was
born in Brantford, Ont. An heir to the Massey-Harris fortune, he was
the social convener of the group -- he started the Arts and Letters
club where many of them met. He formed the idea of the Studio Building,
where they could all work, and paid for most of it. He also outfitted a
boxcar as a studio on wheels, complete with living and sleeping areas,
and took all his artist friends on all-expenses-paid trips to Algoma
where they found the landscape that inspired many of their works.


In
1910, Blanche S. Scott became the first woman to make a solo, public
airplane flight. She reached an altitude of four metres over a park in
Fort Wayne, Ind.


In 1915, 25,000 women marched in New York City demanding the right to vote.


In 1924, Ontarians voted, by a narrow margin, to maintain Prohibition in the province. It lasted from 1916 until 1927.


In 1942, the Second World War Battle of El-Alamein began in North Africa. It ended in an Allied victory on Nov. 4.


In
1942, author Michael Crichton was born in Chicago. He wrote such
historic and prehistoric science fantasies as “Jurassic Park,”
“Timeline” and “The Andromeda Strain.” In 1994, he also created the
award-winning TV hospital series “ER.” He died on Nov. 4, 2008 of
cancer at age 66.


In 1946, the United Nations General Assembly met in New York for the first time.


In 1950, University of Toronto researchers announced the development of an electronic heart pacemaker.


In 1952, Canadians fought their heaviest battle of the Korean War on Little Gibraltar Hill.


In
1956, students and workers in Budapest began an unsuccessful revolt
against the Soviet Union. The country had been occupied by forces of
the Soviet Union since the end of the Second World War. Opposition to
the communists started building in 1956 and street demonstrations by
students began Oct. 23. The protests spread spontaneously, and became
national with insurgents occupying public buildings and production
centres. Soviet forces counter-attacked on Nov. 4 and fighting was
intense for about a week before the revolution was quelled.


In
1958, Soviet poet-novelist Boris Pasternak, author of “Doctor Zhivago,”
was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. But Kremlin authorities,
unhappy with the novel's indictment of socialism, pressured him into
refusing the honour. The novel was translated into 18 languages but not
published in Russia.


In 1958, a deep underground explosion
wrecked the No. 2 Cumberland Coal Mine in Springhill, N.S. The disaster
at the deepest coal mine in North America killed 75 miners. One hundred
survived. Twelve men were brought to the surface alive Oct. 30 and
seven more were found alive two days later. The last body was recovered
Nov. 6.


In 1966, Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson announced the
federal government would pay 50 per cent of post-secondary education
costs.


In 1967, Brenda Robertson became the first woman elected to the New Brunswick legislature.


In
1973, U.S. President Richard Nixon agreed to turn over White House tape
recordings subpoenaed by the Watergate special prosecutor to Judge John
J. Sirica.


In 1977, the Toronto Argonauts' Zenon Andrusyshyn set a CFL record with a 108-yard punt against Edmonton.


In 1980, the “Globe and Mail” became Canada's first newspaper to use satellite technology.


In 1981, Pearl McGonigal became Manitoba's first female lieutenant governor.


In
1983, 241 U.S. service members, most of them Marines, and 58 French
paratroopers died in Beirut when trucks loaded with explosives were
driven into two buildings filled with sleeping troops from a
peacekeeping force.


In 1989, tens of thousands of Hungarians
cheered and marched as onetime Communist Hungary declared itself an
independent republic.


In 1991, Cambodia's warring factions and
representatives of 18 nations signed a UN-backed peace treaty in Paris.
The treaty was aimed at ending two decades of war in Cambodia,
including 13 years of civil war between the Vietnam-backed government
of Prime Minister Hun Sen and the three-party guerrilla coalition.


In 1991, Prince Charles and Princess Diana arrived in Toronto for a week-long visit to Canada.


In
1992, Emperor Akihito arrived in Beijing, marking the first time a
Japanese monarch visited China. He expressed deep regret for Japan's
wartime atrocities, but stopped short of an apology.


In 1996, in
a formal statement, Pope John Paul II said that “fresh knowledge leads
to recognition of the (Darwin's) theory of evolution as more than just
a hypotheses.”


In 1998, Buffalo-area abortion provider Dr.
Barnett Slepian was slain by a sniper at his home. Police later said
the shooting was related to the non-fatal shootings of abortion
providers in Vancouver, Winnipeg and Hamilton. Anti-abortion activist
James Kopp was later arrested in France and convicted in Slepian's
killing.


In 1998, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and
Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat signed a breakthrough land-for-peace
agreement at the White House.


In 1999, John Patrick Gillese, one
of Canada's most prolific writers and an influential cultural figure in
Alberta, died at age 79.


In 2000, the largest charitable donation in Canadian history
was made by Research in Motion founder and co-chief executive Mike
Lazaridis. He donated $100-million to help launch a physics research
institute.


In 2001, the Quebec government and the Crees of
northern Quebec signed an agreement clearing the way for a giant
extension of the James Bay power project. The 50-year pact will provide
the 15,000 Cree with approximately $3.5- billion.


In 2001, the
Irish Republican Army announced it had begun to disarm in accordance
with Northern Ireland's 1998 Good Friday peace deal.


In 2003,
Dalton McGuinty officially became Ontario's 24th premier as he was
sworn in alongside his 22-member Liberal cabinet. McGuinty, 48, was the
province's first Liberal premier in 13 years.


In 2003, Madame
Chiang Kai-shek, who became one of the world's most famous women as she
helped her husband fight the Japanese during The Second World War and
later the Chinese Communists, died in New York at age 105.


In
2007, nealy one million people were evacuated because of wildfires
across southern California which destroyed over 1,800 homes.


In
2007, the space shuttle “Discovery” and its crew of seven thundered
into orbit for a complex space station construction mission.


In 2008, two of the elected members of Action democratique du Quebec defected to the governing Liberals.


In
2008, the European Union awarded its top human rights prize to Chinese
dissident Hu Jia, who was serving a three-and-a-half year sentence in a
Chinese prison.


In 2009, Toronto-born actor and comedian Lou
Jacobi died at age 95. Jacobi made his Broadway debut in 1955 as Mr.
Van Daan in “The Diary of Anne Frank,” and reprised the role in the
1959 film. Other film roles included the philosophical bartender
Moustache in “Irma La Douce” (1963), and a florist in the Dudley Moore
comedy “Arthur” (1981). In 1999, he was inducted into Canada's Walk of
Fame.


In 2009, Kyle Unger, who spent 14 years in prison for the
murder of a teenage girl at a rock concert outside Winnipeg in 1990,
was acquitted of first-degree murder, a rare move in wrongful
conviction cases. The acquittal, rather than just a stay of the
charges, is a Canadian first. (In September, 2011, he filed a lawsuit
for $14.5 million.)


In 2009, Jack Poole, the legendary Vancouver
businessman who brought the 2010 Winter Games to Vancouver, died after
a lengthy battle with pancreatic cancer. He was 76. He was one of
B.C.'s top real estate developers and was also known for his
philanthropy. He was awarded the order of Canada in 2006.


In
2010, more than 400 people attended a meeting in Quebec City for the
new political movement Reseau Liberte-Quebec, dubbed the province's
version of the right-wing U.S. Tea Party movement. It set aside the
issue of Quebec separation to focus on economic matters.


In
2010, Prime Minister David Thompson of Barbados died following a
struggle with pancreatic cancer. He was 48. He became prime minister of
the Caribbean nation of 270,000 people in January, 2008.

 
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