In 1866, Reginald Aubrey Fessendon, one of the world's foremost inventors of radio technology, was born near East Bolton, Que. Fessendon discovered the so-called heterodyne principle, the basis for all modern broadcasting. In 1906 he achieved two-way voice transmission by radio between Machrihanish, Scotland and Brant Rock, Mass. On Christmas Eve 1906, he made the first public broadcast of music and voice. After losing control of his company in 1910, he lived in relative seclusion. He died in 1932.

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In 1520, German reformer Martin Luther published his Prelude on the Babylonian Captivity of the Church, his famous writing which attacked the entire sacramental system of the Catholic Church.

In 1744, James McGill, a merchant who donated land to found McGill University, was born in Scotland.


In 1769, Sir Isaac Brock, hero of the War of 1812, was born.

In 1889, American inventor Thomas Edison showed a 13-second motion picture film in his New Jersey lab.

In 1890, the Mormon church officially abolished polygamy.

In 1891, Charles Stewart Parnell, champion of Irish home rule, died in Brighton, England.

In 1892, English poet Alfred Lord Tennyson, best known for “The Charge of the Light Brigade,” died at 83.

In 1911, the Laurier government resigned after having been in power since 1896.

In 1927, the era of sound motion pictures was ushered in when “The Jazz Singer,” starring Al Jolson, opened in New York City.

In 1928, Chiang Kai-shek became China's president.

In 1937, the League of Nations condemned Japan's aggression in China.

In 1942, Tim Buck and other Canadian Communists won conditional release from internment.

In 1944, Soviet troops invaded Hungary during the Second World War.

In 1948, a delegation from Newfoundland arrived in Ottawa to discuss the terms of union with Canada. Earlier that year, on July 22nd, Newfoundlanders had voted in a plebiscite to become Canada's 10th province. An agreement consummating the union was signed Dec. 11 and became effective March 31, 1949.

In 1949, U.S. president Harry Truman signed the Mutual Defence Assistance Act for military aid to NATO countries.

In 1959, Russia's rocket “Luna 3” circled the moon.

In 1964, the Confederation Centre of the Arts was officially opened in Charlottetown by Queen Elizabeth.

In 1969, Montreal police and firefighters began a strike that led to widespread rioting, looting, arson and vandalism. Members of both unions were ordered back to work by the Quebec legislature on Oct. 8.

In 1969, the New York Mets won the first-ever National League Championship Series, defeating the Atlanta Braves, 7-4, in Game 3; the Baltimore Orioles won the first-ever American League Championship Series, defeating the Minnesota Twins 11-2 in Game 3.

In 1973, Egypt and Syria launched what became known as the Yom Kippur War by attacking Israel.

In 1979, Pope John Paul the Second became the first pontiff to visit the White House.

In 1981, Egyptian president Anwar Sadat was assassinated by a group of soldiers who attacked his reviewing stand with hand grenades and automatic gunfire as he watched a military parade.

In 1983, B.C. Opposition Leader Dave Barrett became the first leader of a Canadian political party to be forcibly ejected from a legislature when he was dragged from the house for defying a ruling over government restraint bills.

In 1986, Garry Kasparov retained the world chess championship when challenger Anatoly Karpov conceded a draw in the 23rd game of their title series.

In 1986, a crippled Soviet nuclear submarine sank in the Atlantic Ocean about 2,000 kilometres east of New York after a fire and explosion aboard the sub three days earlier.

In 1989, ex-federal cabinet minister Ray Hnatyshyn was appointed governor general.

In 1992, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution establishing its first-ever war-crimes commission to investigate atrocities in the former Yugoslavia, mainly Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia.

In 2000, NHL player Marty McSorley was found guilty of assault with a weapon (his hockey stick). He was granted a conditional discharge and was told to use his influence to clean up the game. He was charged in February, 2000 after his attack from behind on Vancouver Canucks forward Donald Brashear in the dying seconds of a game won by the Canucks 5-2. Brashear was briefly knocked unconscious by the blow, suffering a Grade 3 concussion.

Also in 2000, Yugoslav strongman Slobodan Milosevic conceded defeat in his country's Sept. 24th presidential election after mass protests by opposition supporters.

In 2001, the largest crowd to watch a hockey game saw Michigan State tie Michigan 3-3 at Spartan Stadium in East Lansing. The game attracted 74,554 people.

In 2003, Jordin Tootoo cracked the Nashville Predators' line-up making him the first player of Inuit descent to play in the NHL.

In 2005, Ontario health officials said that a legionnaires' disease outbreak killed 10 residents at Scarborough's Seven Oaks Home for the Aged in Toronto. The death toll eventually rose to 21.

In 2007, RCMP Const. Christopher John Worden, 30, was shot and killed in Hay River, N.W.T., while responding to a call at a home for police assistance.

In 2007, Pakistan's Gen. Pervez Musharraf won the presidential election for another five-year term in a vote boycotted by nearly all of Pakistan's opposition parties.

In 2007, British adventurer Jason Lewis finally returned home, completing a 13-year, 74,000-kilometre human-powered circumnavigation of the globe at Greenwich, England.

In 2008, falling oil prices and investor fears of a global recession pounded the Canadian stock market, dragging the benchmark index to its biggest intraday loss ever and wiping out more than $100 billion of stock value.

In 2008, Harald zur Hausen of Germany and Francoise Barre-Sinoussi and Luc Montagnier of France, won the 2008 Nobel prize for medicine for discovering the viruses that cause cervical cancer and AIDS.

In 2009, Douglas Campbell, the Glasgow-born actor who was a stalwart of the Stratford stage and a pioneer of Canadian theatre, died in Montreal at age 87. Campbell also had a significant career on the screen, playing the roaming 19th century OPP inspector Cameron on the CBC's 1979 series “The Great Detective.” Campbell joined the Stratford Shakespeare Festival in 1953, a year after it was established and had roles in Tyrone Guthrie's Oedipus Rex (1955), Michael Langham's Henry V and John Hirsh's Tartuffe.

In 2009, Canwest Global Communications Corp., owners of Global Television and the National Post newspaper, filed for creditor protection in a deal with a key group of lenders, as it sought court approval to restructure a mountain of debt.

In 2009, Willard S. Boyle, a scientist born in Amherst, N.S., shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with George E. Smith and Charles Kao for their work in developing the sensor that is widely used in digital cameras.

In 2009, Ontario Health Minister David Caplan resigned one day before the release of a report into spending scandals at the agency tasked with creating electronic health records in the province.

In 2010, Richard Heck, Ei-ichi Negishi and Akira Suzuki won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for finding new ways to bond carbon atoms together, methods now widely used to make medicines and even slimmed-down computer screens.

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