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October 1 in history: Canada emerges from military rule, CBC goes colour

In 1947, the Governor General was given authority to exercise allroyal powers and executive authority of the Crown in relation to Canada.

In 1947, the Governor General was given authority to exercise all
royal powers and executive authority of the Crown in relation to Canada.


Also on this date:


In 1674, Francois de Montmorency-Laval was officially named Bishop of Quebec by Pope Clement X.


In 1764, civil law replaced military rule in Canada.


In 1800, Spain sold Louisiana to France by a secret treaty.


In 1853, the “Toronto Globe” was issued as a daily newspaper.


In 1867, Karl Marx published the first volume of “Das Kapital” in London.


In 1869, the first postcards were printed and put on sale by the Austrian government.


In 1876, the first western Canadian wheat was shipped to Ontario.


In 1884, the first women were admitted to University College at the University of Toronto.


In
1903, the Pittsburgh Pirates defeated the host Boston Pilgrims 7-3 in
the first World Series game. Boston won the series five games to three.


In
1908, Henry Ford's “Model T” was introduced to the car-buying public.
Ford revolutionized the auto industry with the “Model T” being the
first car produced on a moving assembly line. Between 1908 and 1927,
over 15 million “Model Ts” were produced. The basic cost of the “Tin
Lizzie” was $850. The “Model T” topped an international poll for the
award of the world's most influential car of the 20th century.


In
1918, British soldier T. E. Lawrence, known as Lawrence of Arabia,
formally occupied Damascus with his Arab forces during the fighting
against Turkey in the First World War.


In 1936, at Burgos, Spain, Francisco Franco became the head of a national government.


In 1943, Allied forces captured Naples during the Second World War.


In
1946, the World Literature Crusade, now called Every Home for Christ,
was founded in Saskatchewan by Rev. Jack McAlister, who served as
president from 1946 to 1979. The mission is engaged primarily in Bible
distribution, church planting and Bible correspondence courses in about
100 countries.


In 1949, Communist Party chairman Mao Tse-tung proclaimed the People's Republic of China in Beijing.


In 1951, Charlotte Whitton became mayor of Ottawa, Canada's first woman mayor of a major city.


In 1958, Canada House in New York was officially opened.


In 1958, the American Express charge card made its official debut.


In 1960, Nigeria gained its independence from Britain.


In 1960, the O'Keefe Centre for the performing arts was opened in Toronto. (It is now called the Sony Centre).


In
1961, Roger Maris of the New York Yankees hit his 61st home run of the
season to break Babe Ruth's record of 60 homers set in 1927. Maris did
it in 162 games, Ruth in 154. Maris's record was broken by Mark McGwire
of St. Louis in 1998 (70), which in turn was surpassed by Barry Bonds
in 2001 (73).


In 1961, the Canadian Television Network (CTV) was
inaugurated with newly licenced stations in Vancouver, Edmonton,
Calgary, Winnipeg, Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal and Halifax.


In 1966, the CBC began colour television broadcasting.


In 1966, Nazi war criminals Albert Speer and Baldur von Schirach were released after serving 20-year prison terms.


In
1969, Andrei Gromyko, the first Soviet foreign minister to visit
Canada, arrived in Ottawa. Talks with External Affairs Minister
Mitchell Sharp revolved around the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia
and the 1966 Canada-Soviet wheat agreement.


In 1970, Soviet vessels were banned from fishing off the west coast of Vancouver Island after collisions with Canadian ships.


In 1971, Walt Disney World opened in Orlando, Fla.


In 1974, the Watergate trial began.


In
1980, Soviet cosmonauts set, at the time, a space endurance record as
they spent their 176th day aboard a “Salyut” space station. They
returned to Earth on Oct. 11.


In 1980, a Warsaw court gave legal approval to Poland's first six independent trade unions.


In
1985, Israeli jets attacked Palestine Liberation Organization
headquarters in Tunisia in retaliation for the Sept. 25 slaying of
three Israelis in Cyprus by the PLO.


In 1988, super-heavyweight Lennox Lewis won Canada's first Olympic boxing gold medal in 56 years.


In
1989, six homosexual couples took vows of fidelity in Copenhagen to
become the first legally recognized gay partners in the world. The
civil ceremonies, sanctioned by the Danish parliament, gave the
partnerships virtually all the rights and responsibilities of married
heterosexual couples.


In 1990, for the first time in seven
decades, Soviets were free to worship. The Supreme Soviet approved
legislation to officially end state atheism and to grant freedom of
worship.


In 1994, the NHL postponed the opening of the regular
season and locked out its players in a contract dispute. The lockout
dragged on for months -- an abbreviated season began the following
January 20th.


In 1995, Sheik Omar Abdel Rahman and nine other
militant Muslims were convicted in New York of conspiring to carry out
a terrorist campaign of bombings and assassinations intended to destroy
United Nations and New York landmarks and force the U.S. to abandon its
support for Israel and Egypt.


In 2002, Prime Minister Jean
Chretien received the World Statesman award from the Appeal of
Conscience Foundation in New York. The organization has handed out the
award annually since 1965. Chretien was honoured for his work on a new
economic plan to rescue Africa that was adopted by the world's richest
countries at the G8 summit in Kananaskis, Alta., in June.


In
2003, the Concorde made a final appearance in Canada, landing at
Toronto's Pearson International Airport as part of a farewell tour to
end an era of supersonic passenger transport that began in 1976. Since
then Concordes have made more than 50,000 flights, but have landed in
Canada only about 50 times.


In 2003, Jay Handel, a former fish
farmer from Quatsino, B.C., was found guilty of first-degree murder of
all six of his young children and sentenced to six life terms, with no
parole for 25 years.


In 2003, brand-name pharmaceutical
companies in Canada removed a significant barrier to a plan to provide
life-saving drugs to poor countries saying they would work with the
Canadian government to allow generic drug makers to produce patented
medicines for AIDS-stricken areas.


In 2006, New Westminster,
B.C.-native Justin Morneau recorded his 130th RBI, to tie Larry
Walker's single-season record for the most RBI's by a Canadian. Walker
set the mark in 1997.


In 2007, Steven Point was sworn in as British Columbia's first aboriginal lieutenant-governor.


In
2008, TV actor House Peters Jr. died. He was 92. His most memorable
role came as “Mr. Clean” -- a muscular man with a bald head, a hoop
earring and a no-nonsense attitude toward dirt and grime. From the late
1950's and into the early 1960's, he helped advertise the famous
household cleaner with the trademark jingle, “Mr. Clean, Mr. Clean.”


In 2008, the Russian Supreme Court declared Czar Nicholas II and his murdered family to be victims of political repression.


In 2008, “The Outlander” by Toronto's Gil Adamson won the best first Canadian novel award.


In 2009, China celebrated 60 years of communist rule with the biggest military review in its history.


In
2010, University of Waterloo academic David Johnston was sworn is as
Canada's 28th Governor General, taking over from Michaelle Jean who
embarked on a new career as United Nations envoy to Haiti, her
earthquake-battered homeland.


In 2010, a judge in London, Ont.
ruled that Great West Life must pay a $455.7-million, to be distributed
amongst 1.8 million Canadians, to settle a class-action lawsuit over
the financing of an 1997 acquisition that dipped into policyholders'
funds.


In 2010, a jury in Texas ordered Apple to pay US$625.5
million for violating patents owned by Mirror Worlds, a firm founded by
a computer science professor David Gelernter. (Apple appealed and in
April 2011 a federal judge overturned the decision.)


In 2010,
Robert Dudley took over as CEP of British Petroleum, replacing Tony
Hayward, who announced his departure in the wake of BP's massive oil
spill in the Gulf of Mexico. He became the first American to lead the
oil giant in its century-long history.