In 1970, what became known as the “October Crisis” began when FLQ terrorists kidnapped British Trade Commissioner James Cross from his Montreal home. The kidnappers demanded $500,000 and the release of 23 FLQ members being held for terrorist activities. (Cross was released unhurt on Dec. 3, 1970). On Oct. 10, the FLQ kidnapped Quebec Labor Minister Pierre Laporte which prompted Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau to impose the War Measures Act on Oct. 16 to battle the terrorists. Laporte's body was found on Oct. 18 in the trunk of a car in Montreal.

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In 1502, Christopher Columbus discovered Costa Rica.

In 1789, William Scoresby, English scientist and Arctic explorer, was born.

 

In 1793, Christianity was abolished in France during the Revolution.

In 1793, British explorer Captain George Vancouver arrived at Nootka, B.C.

In 1795, the Hudson Bay Co. started building a fur-trading post on the future site of Edmonton.

In 1813, U.S. forces under General W. H. Harrison defeated a combined British and Indian force near Moraviantown, Ont.

In 1871, sod was turned to begin Prince Edward Island's first railway.

In 1878, the Marquis of Lorne was appointed governor general of Canada.

In 1892, the Dalton Gang, notorious for its train robberies, was practically wiped out while attempting to rob a pair of banks in Coffeyville, Kansas.

In 1921, the World Series was carried on radio for the first time as Newark, N.J. station WJZ (later WABC) relayed a telephoned play-by-play account of the first game from the Polo Grounds, where the New York Giants were facing the New York Yankees, to a studio announcer who repeated the information on the air. (Although the Yankees won the opener, 3-0, the Giants won the series, 5-3.)

In 1925, the Locarno conference, where Germany agreed to recognize its frontiers with France and Belgium, began at Switzerland.

In 1930, the British airship “R-101” crashed in France on its maiden voyage, killing 46.

In 1931, Clyde Pangborn and Hugh Herndon made the first non-stop trans-Pacific flight, going from Tokyo to Seattle in 41 hours.

In 1940, the Second World War's “Battle of Britain” ended.

In 1947, President Harry S. Truman delivered the first televised White House address as he spoke on the world food crisis.

In 1948, Ottawa announced that former Soviet cipher clerk Igor Gouzenko, whose information from Soviet embassy files sparked Canada's espionage trials, had been issued Canadian citizenship.

In 1973, longtime Canadian diplomat Jules Leger was appointed governor general.

In 1982, Laurie Skreslet of Calgary became the first Canadian climber to reach the summit of Mount Everest.

In 1984, Marc Garneau became the first Canadian in space, joining the crew of the space shuttle “Challenger.” Garneau joined six Americans aboard the “Challenger,” and travelled 6.4 million kilometres in orbit around the Earth. He conducted various experiments, including a Canadian-designed one on human physiology in space. Garneau returned to space in 1996 and 2000.

In 1989, The Dalai Lama, the spiritual and temporal leader of Tibet, was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.

In 1989, 10 months after being indicted by a U.S. federal grand jury, televangelist Jim Bakker, 50, was found guilty on 24 counts of mail and wire fraud. Three weeks later, on Oct. 24, Bakker was fined $500,000 U.S. and sentenced to 45 years in prison. At a sentence reduction hearing in 1992, it was later reduced to eight years. He was granted parole in 1994.

In 1990, Liberal senators attempting to stall passage of the Mulroney government's goods and services tax bill ended a filibuster that created a circus-like atmosphere. The antics in the usually staid Upper Chamber had included kazoo-playing and desk-thumping.

In 1991, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev announced sweeping cuts in his country's nuclear arsenal.

In 1998, a U.S. House judiciary committee voted to initiate impeachment proceedings against President Bill Clinton into the sex and perjury allegations against him. Twenty-one Republicans voted in favour and all 16 Democrats against.

In 1999, two packed commuter trains collided just outside Paddington station in London, killing more than 100 people. It was Britain's worst rail disaster in more than a decade.

In 2000, Canadian Nobel Prize winner Michael Smith, a leading researcher into cancer, died of the disease he worked so hard to understand. He was 68.

In 2001, San Francisco Giants outfielder Barry Bonds made home run history by hitting No. 71, surpassing Mark McGwire (70 in 1998). Bonds' record-breaker came at San Francisco's Pacific Bell Park on a tailing fastball from Los Angeles pitcher Chan Ho Park. He finished the season with 73 homers.

In 2003, Atlanta Thrashers forward Dan Snyder of Elmira, Ont, died six days after being involved in a car crash. He was 25. (Thrashers star player Dany Heatley, who was driving, pleaded guilty to four of the six charges he faced. He was sentenced to three years of probation and in exchange for the plea, the only felony charge -- first-degree vehicular homicide -- was dropped along with a charge of reckless driving.)

In 2004, a major fire hit “HMCS Chicoutimi” in the North Atlantic, one of four secondhand British submarines bought by Canada. The incident happened on its maiden voyage to Halifax, disabling it totally, killing one sailor and injuring at least six others. Lt. Chris Saunders died of smoke inhalation in an Irish hospital the next day, becoming the first Canadian submariner to die on duty since 1955.

In 2004, Tiger Woods married Swedish model Elin Nordegren in Barbados. They divorced in 2010.

In 2005, Ontario Environment Minister Laurel Broten made history when she gave birth to twin boys, becoming the first Ontario cabinet minister to give birth while in office.

In 2005, Ottawa Senators captain Daniel Alfredsson scored the first shootout goal in NHL history, helping defeat the Toronto Maple Leafs 3-2.

In 2006, Premier Rodney MacDonald announced his government would not appeal the Nova Scotia Supreme Court decision striking down regulations aimed at stopping two grocery chains from opening seven days a week, ending years of heated debate in the province on a Sunday shopping ban.

In 2007, track star Marion Jones pleaded guilty in White Plains, New York, to lying to federal investigators when she denied using performance-enhancing drugs, and announced her retirement after the hearing.

In 2009, Brett Favre became the first quarterback in NFL history to beat all 32 teams. The Minnesota Vikings pivot saved the best for last, defeating the Green Bay Packers, the team he guided for 16 years, 30-23 on Monday Night Football.

In 2009, the first authorized sequel to A.A. Milne's classic children's tales was released. Called “Return to the Hundred Acre Wood,” the book by author David Benedictus picked up where Milne's “The House at Pooh Corner,” first published in 1928, left off. A new character was added: Lottie the Otter, a stickler for etiquette who is also a keen fan of the very English game of cricket.

In 2010, a military judge sentenced Capt. Robert Semrau to be formally reduced to the rank of second-lieutenant and dismissed from the Canadian Forces for shooting a severely wounded and unarmed Taliban fighter after a firefight in Afghanistan in 2008. He was convicted by a court martial in July of disgraceful conduct but acquitted of second-degree murder, attempted murder, and negligent performance of duty.

In 2010, University of Manchester professors Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov won the Nobel prize for physics for groundbreaking experiments to isolate graphene, a form of carbon only one atom thick but more than 100 times stronger than steel.

In 2010, Faisal Shahzad, the Pakistani immigrant who tried to detonate a car bomb on a crowded section in Times Square in May, was given a life sentence. In June, he pleaded guilty to all 10 terrorism and weapons counts.

In 2010, a Paris court found former trader Jerome Kerviel guilty of forgery, breach of trust and unauthorized computer use for covering up bets worth $69 billion in one of history's biggest rogue trading frauds. He was sentenced to three years in prison and ordered to repay his former employer Societe Generale SA US$6.72 billion the bank lost.

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