By Tom Westbrook
SYDNEY (Reuters) - A Japanese community group in Australia has lodged a legal complaint under racial vilification laws objecting to a statue commemorating Korean "comfort women" in a Sydney church, the group's president said Thursday.
The memorial, a 1.5-metre statue imported from Korea, has been a flashpoint for tensions between Korean and Japanese communities in Sydney since it was unveiled in August.
The issue of "comfort women", those who were forced to work in Japan's wartime brothels were euphemistically known, has long plagued ties between Korea and Japan.
Scholars continue to debate the number of women exploited. Activists in South Korea say there may have been as many as 200,000 Korean victims, although only 238 women have come forward and identified themselves as former "comfort women".
Sydney-based Australia Japan Community Network (AJCN) made its complaint to Australia's Human Rights Commission on Wednesday on behalf of local parents of Japanese origin concerned the memorial stirred anti-Japanese feeling, AJCN President Tetsuhide Yamaoka told Reuters by phone from Tokyo.
"If we are commemorating something in the past, you just have to do it in the right way and by that I mean that you do not cause any issues in today's community," he said, adding that the 20-30 Sydney-based members felt too intimidated to speak themselves.
"If the Korean people want to believe what they are believing, they should do it discreetly among themselves...I want the Korean people to stop pushing this in the public domain," he said.
Australia's Human Rights Commission does not publicly acknowledge receipt of complaints for privacy reasons, spokeswoman Georgia Flynn told Reuters.
Under Australian law it is illegal to "offend, insult, humiliate or intimidate" a person on the basis of "race, color or national or ethnic origin".
The statue in Sydney, which depicts a Korean "comfort woman" sitting beside an empty chair to symbolize the victims of the prostitution program, was erected in Sydney's Ashfield Uniting Church after Japanese groups successfully campaigned to have it prohibited from a public park.
"It's not about denigrating any country or race, anything like that," said Reverend Bill Crews. "It's saying God help these suffering women and let's move on...you're never able to move on until you acknowledge it."
In December 2015 Japan agreed to apologize and promised about one billion yen ($8.50 million) for a fund to help victims, a deal that foreign ministers from both countries said resolved the issue.
(This version of the story deletes incorrect reference to rights commission bringing cases to court in paragraph 8)
(Reporting by Tom Westbrook; Editing by Michael Perry)