In the past 20 years, the Canadian Forces has gone from being a homophobic organization that actively hounded out gay and lesbian members to one of the world’s leading advocates of open integration.

Rana Sioufi, a spokeswoman for the Forces, says after the abolition of the Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell policy, the Armed Forces no longer has a specific policy for gay and lesbian members and uniformed personnel regularly march in Pride parades and marry in base chapels.

“Members who are same-sex partners are entitled to the same respect and dignity as heterosexual married couples or common-law partners,” Sioufi says.

That’s a long way from the treatment Michelle Douglas received in 1989. She complied with the secretive policy by not revealing she was a lesbian, but the Special Investigations Unit kicked in the closet door.

Douglas was interrogated on the suspicion she was gay and ultimately dismissed on the grounds that she was “not advantageously employable due to homosexuality.”

“It was a very, very different time,” the Toronto woman says. “There was a sense that gays in the military were somehow tantamount to criminals. It was a really sad approach.”

Douglas fought back in court and her action led to the Forces abandoning Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell in 1992. That paved the way for rapid change.

“It was a very unpleasant experience at the time ... but in the end, Canada did the right thing and I’m very proud of that,” she says.

That experience is being studied carefully south of the border, where U.S. President Barack Obama is poised to repeal the Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell policy the American armed forces installed in 1993.

Halifax resident Jennifer Paty saw its effects first hand during her sparkling 20-year career in the U.S. navy, which ended in 1994. The second she was out of the forces, she came out of the closet and has since fought hard against the policy.

“Part of that may have been guilt,” she says. “At a time when our gay soldiers and sailors were needing mentors and I was in a position to be a professional mentor, I couldn’t do it.

“It was such a betrayal,” she adds of the policy she believes forces people to lie about who they are and who they love. “It was heartbreaking.”

Paty, now a minister in the Safe Harbour Metropolitan Community Church, hopes the U.S. can follow her new home’s example.

“I’m hoping we can come even remotely close to what it sounds like was a pretty good transition (in Canada),” she says.

Other countries
• U.S. President Barack Obama is considering repealing the country’s Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell policy.

• Mexico No restrictions, but discrimination within the ranks does occur.

• Denmark There is a law against discrimination based on sexual orientation — including in the Danish military.

• Russia Gays have had the right to serve in the army since 2003. Before this time they were not allowed. Homosexuality was considered a mental disorder until 1999.

• Greece There are no special rules for gay men and women in the Greek army. However, gay servicemen and women do fear being harassed.

• Sweden No-exclusion policy. Discrimination based on sexual orientation is outlawed in Sweden.

A soldier’s story
I can’t speak for the Canadian Forces as a whole, but my experiences so far of being gay and out in the military have been nothing but positive. In general, people are very supportive.

In my office at work, everybody knows and has met my partner and treats me the same as everybody else. Of course, there are still comments like “that’s gay,” but the people saying this don’t intend any malice and only say it because it’s such a common saying and it’s hard to break old habits. I find the best way to deal with it is to make a joke about it and say something like, “How do you know?” and it doesn’t bother me.

In my experience, being gay in the CF is entirely supported by the chain of command and the organization in general. For example, the CF has a strict no-tolerance policy of harassment of any kind, including of a sexual-orientation nature. As another example, my partner and I are common-law and we are entitled to all of the same benefits within DND that a heterosexual couple is entitled to.

This isn’t to say that everybody in the CF accepts gays in the military on a personal level, but as an organization it is fully supported.”

– An openly gay member of the Canadian Armed Forces

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