By David Shepardson
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - U.S. lawmakers on Friday formally asked Facebook Inc's <FB.O> Mark Zuckerberg to explain at a congressional hearing how 50 million users' data got into the hands of political consultancy Cambridge Analytica.
The world's largest social media network is under growing pressure from governments, investors and advertisers. This follows allegations by a whistleblower that British political consultancy Cambridge Analytica improperly accessed users' information to build profiles on American voters that were later used to help elect U.S. President Donald Trump in 2016.
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"The hearing will examine the harvesting and sale of personal information from more than 50 million Facebook users, potentially without their notice or consent and in violation of Facebook policy," chairman Representative Greg Walden, a Republican who chairs the panel, and Frank Pallone, the top Democrat, and other committee leaders wrote in the letter.
The House Energy and Commerce Committee did not say when they planned the hearing but it will not happen until Congress returns from a two-week recess.
Zuckerberg said this week he would be willing to testify if he is the right person at the company to speak to lawmakers.
A Facebook spokesman confirmed the company had received the House letter and was reviewing it, but did not say whether or not Zuckerberg would agree to testify.
Separately, the leaders of the U.S. Senate Commerce Committee also asked Zuckerberg to testify. Senator John Thune, the committee chairman, and Bill Nelson, the top Democrat, said the committee would work with Facebook "to find a suitable date for Mr. Zuckerberg to testify in the coming weeks."
Facebook executives spent Wednesday and Thursday on Capitol Hill briefing congressional committee staffers.
Two senators also asked the Federal Trade Commission, the leading U.S. consumer regulator, to investigate if other firms improperly obtained user data from Facebook users. The FTC is reviewing whether Facebook violated a 2011 consent decree it reached with the authority over its privacy practices, a person briefed on the matter told Reuters this week.
Zuckerberg apologized on Wednesday for the mistakes his company had made and promised to restrict developers' access to user information as part of a plan to protect privacy.
His apology has failed to appease investors and advertisers.
Facebook shares fell on Friday, although not at the pace of earlier in the week. After opening higher, they were down 1.6 percent at $162, and have fallen around 12 percent since last Friday. The company has lost more than $50 billion in market value since the allegations surfaced.
Advertisers Mozilla and German bank Commerzbank <CBKG.DE> have suspended ads on the service and the hashtag #DeleteFacebook remained popular online.
On Friday, electric carmaker Tesla Inc's <TSLA.O> and its rocket company SpaceX's Facebook pages - each with more than 2.6 million followers - were deleted after Chief Executive Elon Musk promised to do so.
"I didn't realize there was one. Will do," Musk wrote on Twitter, responding to a person urging him to delete the SpaceX page. The Tesla page was taken down shortly afterwards. "Definitely. Looks lame anyway," Musk tweeted.
(Reporting by David Shepardson in Washington; Editing by Chizu Nomiyama and Susan Thomas)