Today's highlight in history:
In 1972, Paul Henderson scored the most famous goal in Canadian hockey history. Henderson scored with 34 seconds remaining in the final game of the Canada-Soviet “Summit Series” in Moscow. The NHL stars tallied three times in the final period to win 6-5 and take the series with a 4-3-and-1 record. Henderson scored the winning goals in each of the last three games.
Also on this date:
In 1066, William the Conqueror and his Norman troops landed in England.
In 1791, Jews in France were given full citizenship.
In 1793, the Upper Canada legislature decreed that all slave children born in Canada after Sept. 28 would become free at age 25.
In 1895, French scientist Louis Pasteur, noted for developing the process of pasteurization, died. He was 72.
In 1909, satirical cartoonist Al Capp, the creator of “Li'l Abner,” was born in New Haven, Conn. He died Nov. 5, 1979.
In 1912, the Japanese ship “Kickermaru” sank off Japan with 1,000 people on-board.
In 1919, the New York Giants and Philadelphia Phillies played the shortest full game in major league history in a mere 51 minutes.
In 1920, eight members of the Chicago White Sox were indicted by a grand jury on charges of conspiring with gamblers to fix the outcome of the 1919 World Series. The players were acquitted at their trial but were banned from organized baseball for the rest of their lives by baseball commissioner Kennesaw Landis. The incident became known as “The Black Sox Scandal.”
In 1924, two U.S. Army planes landed in Seattle, Washington, having completed the first round-the-world flight in 175 days.
In 1932, Winnipeg St. Johns running back Eddie James set a CFL record with six touchdowns in one game. Bob McNamara of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers matched that mark in 1956.
In 1939, during the Second World War, Warsaw, Poland, surrendered after weeks of resistance to invading forces from Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. On the same day, the two countries also signed a treaty calling for the partitioning of Poland.
In 1942, Canadian warplanes made their first attacks against Japanese forces on Kiska Island in the Aleutians during the Second World War.
In 1951, the International Monetary Fund lifted restrictions on the selling of gold.
In 1955, hurricane “Janet” killed 500 people in the Caribbean.
In 1958, the territory of French Guinea decided in a referendum to leave the French community.
In 1960, the Skyway Bridge between Prescott, Ont., and Ogdensburg, N.Y., was opened.
In 1970, Egyptian president Gamal Abdul Nasser died of a heart attack at 52. He had ruled Egypt for 16 years.
In 1978, Pope John Paul I died of a heart attack at the Vatican after leading the Roman Catholic Church for only 34 days. He was 65. He was succeeded by Pope John Paul the Second.
In 1980, an illegal walkout by air traffic controllers paralysed flight service across Canada.
In 1981, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that the federal government's plan to patriate the constitution from Britain without provincial consent was legal but contrary to constitutional practice or convention. Following the decision, victory was claimed by both Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and the provinces. The court had been asked to rule after eight of the 10 provinces opposed Trudeau's constitutional proposals. The new Constitution, which included a charter of rights and freedoms, was signed by the Queen on July 1, 1982.
In 1989, deposed Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos died in exile in Hawaii. He was 72.
In 1992, a Pakistani Airbus 300 crashed while approaching Nepal's peak-encircled Katmandu Airport, killing all 167 people onboard, including two Canadians.
In 1994, the passenger ferry “Estonia” with more than 1,000 people on-board sank in the Baltic Sea, southwest of Finland, due to the failure of the bow door locking mechanism. More than 900 drowned.
In 1998, Eric Malling, an award-winning television journalist known for his work on CTV's “W-5 With Eric Malling” and CBC's “Fifth Estate,” died in Toronto at age 52.
In 1998, Canadian Blood Services officially took control of Canada's $350 million-a-year blood system from the Canadian Red Cross. The same work is performed in Quebec by Hema-Quebec.
In 1999, Team Canada '72 was named the top Canadian team of the 20th century in a Canadian Press-Broadcast News poll of journalists.
In 2000, Pierre Trudeau, prime minister of Canada between 1968 and 1979 and again from 1980 to 1984, died at his home in Montreal of prostate cancer. He was 80 years old -- three weeks short of his 81st birthday.
In 2000, Montreal's Anne Montminy became Canada's first double medallist of the Olympic Games at Sydney, Australia, when she teamed up with Emilie Heymans of Pointe-Claire, Que., to win a silver in 10-metre synchronized platform diving, a new event at the Olympics.
In 2003, Hurricane “Juan” slammed into southeastern Nova Scotia, bringing winds of 180 km/h and torrential rains, leaving at least two people dead and two missing and causing extensive property damage. Halifax was hardest hit; hundreds of trees were uprooted and tangled with downed power lines leaving 150,000 people without electricity.
In 2003, a permanent monument to the 516 Canadians who lost their lives in the Korean War and the peacekeeping operations that followed, was unveiled in Ottawa's Confederation Park by Prime Minister Jean Chretien. For years, the Korean War had been known as Canada's forgotten war and the veterans had felt snubbed since the war in 1953.
In 2003, Manulife Financial Corp. agreed to buy Boston insurer John Hancock Financial in a $15-billion deal that marked one of the biggest takeovers in Canadian history. The deal would catapult Manulife into second place behind the Royal Bank of Canada in the rankings of the country's largest publicly traded companies. It would also become the fifth-largest insurance company in the world, with more than 20,000 employees in North America and Asia.
In 2003, Yukichi Chuganji, a retired silkworm breeder documented as the world's oldest man, died at his home in Japan at age 114.
In 2003, Archbishop Marc Ouellet, a Quebecer, was among 31 men named cardinals by Pope John Paul II.
In 2003, director Elia Kazan, whose triumphs included the Broadway productions of “Death of a Salesman” and “A Streetcar Named Desire,” and the Academy Award-winning film “On the Waterfront,” died at age 94.
In 2003, a massive blackout struck almost all of Italy, leaving millions of people without power.
In 2005, former Liberal cabinet minister David Dingwall resigned as president of the Royal Canadian Mint, amid controversy about his activities when he was a private lobbyist for high-tech companies seeking federal financing.
In 2005, a tanker truck rolled over and spilled 22,500 litres of gas and diesel fuel in Abbotsford, B.C., prompting the evacuation of at least 1,200 residents and about 400 homes.
In 2008, three Chinese astronauts returned to Earth after a milestone mission to carry out the country's first spacewalk.
In 2010, Ontario Superior Court Justice Susan Himel struck down Canada's prostitution laws because they were contributing to the danger faced by sex-trade workers. (In June 2011, both federal and Ontario governments appealed the ruling.)
In 2010, a Quebec Superior Court upheld a 2008 California court ruling that a Montreal man, Adam Guerbuez, violated U.S. anti-spam laws by allegedly flooding Facebook with more than four million messages. He was ordered to pay the social-networking giant C$1 billion, but he had filed for bankruptcy two months prior.