In 1962, Canada became the third nation to have a satellite in space
with the launch of “Alouette One” from Cape Kennedy, Fla. The satellite
cost $3 million and weighed 146 kilograms. It spent a decade studying
the ionosphere from an altitude of one-thousand kilometres before being
deactivated.


Also on this date:


In 1547, Miguel de Cervantes, Spanish poet, playwright and novelist, the creator of “Don Quixote,” was born.

 

In 1560, King Gustav I of Sweden, founder of the Vasa dynasty which ruled until 1818, died. He was born in 1496.


In 1665, Germain Morin was ordained the first Canadian-born Catholic priest.


In 1758, British naval commander Horatio Nelson was born in Norfolk, England.


In
1788, the first ship built on the Pacific coast, the “North West
America,” was completed by Captain Meares at Nootka, Vancouver Island.


In
1793, John Graves Simcoe, accompanied by a party of officers, soldiers
and officials, reached Lac Au Claire and renamed it Lake Simcoe in
memory of his father.


In 1829, London's reorganized police force, which became known as Scotland Yard, went on duty.


In 1877, the first spike was driven for the Canadian Pacific Railway.


In 1901, Italian-born U.S. physicist Enrico Fermi was born in Rome.


In
1902, French novelist Emile Zola died of carbon monoxide poisoning. He
was 62. The novel “Therese Raquin” was his first important work.


In
1913, German engineer Rudolf Diesel, inventor of the diesel engine,
died. He was 55. Although his family refused to accept his death as
suicide, he's said to have thrown himself over the rail of an English
Channel steamer after having lost control over his invention.


In 1916, John D. Rockefeller became the world's first billionaire during the share boom in the U.S.


In 1950, the U.S. Bell Telephone Company tested the first automatic telephone answering machine.


In 1956, Hal Patterson of the Montreal Alouettes set a CFL record with 338 pass receiving yards in a game in Hamilton.


In 1956, Gen. Anastasio Somoza, president of Nicaragua, was assassinated.


In 1957, the New York Giants played their last game at the Polo Grounds before moving to San Francisco for the 1958 season.


In 1963, the second session of the ecumenical council, Vatican II, opened in Rome.


In
1970, a new translation of the Bible -- the New American Bible --
replaced the Douay version, which had been standard in English-speaking
Roman Catholic churches for 220 years.


In 1972, Japan's Prime
Minister Kakuei Tanaka and China's Premier Chou En-lai signed an
agreement to establish diplomatic relations, ending a 35-year state of
war.


In 1979, Pope John Paul II became the first pope to visit Ireland.


In
1982, seven people in Chicago died after unwittingly taking
Extra-Strength Tylenol capsules laced with cyanide. The crime was never
solved.


In 1985, Lincoln Alexander was named lieutenant-governor
of Ontario, becoming the first black to hold a vice-regal position in
Canada. Alexander had also been the first black MP and federal cabinet
minister.


In 1985, retiring Quebec Premier Rene Levesque resigned his seat in the Quebec national assembly.


In 1987, members of the Canadian Union of Postal Workers began a rotating strike against the post office.


In
1988, the space shuttle “Discovery” blasted off from Cape Canaveral,
Fla., the first American shuttle mission since the “Challenger”
disaster in January, 1986.


In 1988, United Nations peacekeeping forces were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.


In
1990, in Washington, D.C., the National Cathedral (officially the
Cathedral Church of St. Peter and St. Paul) was completed after 83
years of construction. Begun in 1907, the Gothic edifice had been used
in its incomplete form since 1912.


In 1992, Brazil's Congress
voted to impeach president Fernando Collor de Mello over charges of
corruption, racketeering and forgery.


In 1992, a Canadian
helicopter and a U.S. sightseeing chopper collided in the sky near
Horseshoe Falls, at Niagara Falls. The Canadian helicopter made an
emergency landing while the U.S. helicopter crashed, killing the pilot
and three passengers.


In 1997, India launched its first fully operational satellite aboard an Indian-developed rocket.


In 1999, a three-day conference of spouses of heads of state and governments of the Americas opened in Ottawa.


In
2000, a prolonged period of deadly violence in the Middle East broke
out one day after Israel's then-opposition leader, Ariel Sharon, toured
Jerusalem's bitterly-contested Temple Mount area.


In 2001,
former South Vietnamese president Nguyen Van Thieu, who led his nation
in the U.S.-backed war against the North, died at age 78 in Boston.


In
2003, the P.E.I. governing Conservatives, under the leadership of
Premier Pat Binns, won a rare third majority government in the
provincial election. The last time a P.E.I. government won three
consecutive majorities was in the 1880's. More than 80 per cent of the
electorate voted, despite power outages and blocked roads caused by
hurricane “Juan.” (Results PC 23; Liberals 4)


In 2004, a group
of 44 North Korean refugees, including women and children, disguised as
construction workers, entered the Canadian Embassy in Beijing, using
ladders to scale a spiked fence around the compound.


In 2004, the Expos played their last game ever in Montreal, as the club moved to Washington after 36 seasons.


In 2004, Imperial Oil Ltd. announced it would shift its head office to Calgary from Toronto, affecting 1,500 employees.


In
2005, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that British Columbia could sue
tobacco companies for the cost of treating smoking-related illnesses.


In 2005, after serving six years as premier of Nova Scotia, John Hamm announced he would retire from politics.


In 2005, John Roberts was sworn in as Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.


In
2005, public transit came to Charlottetown as the first of four buses
began runs, 150 years after the city's incorporation. It was the only
provincial capital in Canada without a bus system.


In 2007,
Canadian actress Lois Maxwell, who played the definitive “Miss
Moneypenny” in 14 James Bond films, died in Australia at age 80.


In
2008, financial markets nosedived in the wake of the rejection of the
$700-billion package negotiated by U.S. congressional leaders to bail
out the financial industry. The Dow industrial average plummeted as
much as 700 points, its biggest single-day drop, and Toronto's
S&P/TSX composite index fell as much as 800 points. The TSX lost
$100-billion in market value, and the Dow $1.2-trillion. Both indexes
rebounded somewhat later in the afternoon.


In 2010, Jun-Chul
Chung, 60, Kathleen Chung, 29, and Kenneth Chung, 28, were arrested on
fraud charges after allegedly stealing a December, 2003 Super 7 lottery
ticket worth $12.5 million. Jun-Chul and Kenneth worked at a Burlington
store that validated the winning ticket but never gave it back to the
customer but instead gave it to Kathleen, who claimed the prize.


In
2010, a private member's bill by Liberal MP Gerard Kennedy that would
have allowed U.S. military deserters to stay in Canada was voted down.


In
2010, Norm Atkins, a legendary political operator who ran both federal
and provincial campaigns for the Progressive Conservatives, died. He
was 76. He was named to the Senate by Brian Mulroney in 1986 and
retired from the upper house in 2009.

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