What does climate change mean to our food supply?
It is expected that climate change will cause significant crop yield losses, more frequent droughts, increased water scarcity and new pest problems.
Does this mean we are facing a food shortage?
Innovations in plant biotechnology are finding solutions to these challenges. More efficient growing techniques, better water conservation and the creation of drought– and pest–resistant crops are helping us grow more food on less land.
Will we run out of food?
Leading scientists predict the world will grow from six billion people to nine billion people by 2050. That means finding ways to grow more nutritionally rich foods using less land and water is absolutely critical. Scientists in
Canada and around the world are developing new products to help meet these needs.
What can we do to counteract the effects of climate change in food production?
Farmers are already adopting methods to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and sequester carbon emissions. Scientists are also developing plants with improved nitrogen use efficiency that will reduce the need for added
fertilizer and further reduce emissions.
How will the growing global demand for food affect the use of land in Canada?
As the world begins to experience greater food shortages, they will look to Canada's arable land to increase food production. However, thanks to advances in biotechnology, which allow farmers to grow more food per hectare, farmers will not have to expand their farms and encroach on natural environments.
What are farmers doing to protect the environment?
Farmers are incorporating environmental practices in their farming. For example, higher yielding crops have not only lessened the pressure to clear land, they have reduced emissions by up to 13 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide each year. These practices also benefit the farmer by reducing costs.