(Reuters) – As Russia blocked access to Meta Platforms Inc’s flagship social media platforms, Facebook and Instagram, demand from internet users for tools to skirt the restrictions skyrocketed, data from a monitoring firm showed.
Instagram access in Russia was cut from Monday in response to Meta’s decision last week to allow social media users in Ukraine to post messages such as “Death to the Russian invaders”. Facebook was already banned over what Moscow said were restrictions on access to Russian media there.
On the eve of the Instagram ban, demand for Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) that encrypt data and obscure where a user is located spiked 2,088% higher than the daily average demand in mid-February, data from monitoring firm Top10VPN showed.
Russia has been targeted by unprecedented western sanctions over its actions in Ukraine and is battling to control the flow of information, stifling foreign social media firms with traffic slowdowns and, in the case of Facebook and Instagram, outright bans.
Demand for VPNs had already been on the rise in the region as Russian and Ukrainian websites fell victim to cyber attacks.
Russia banned several VPNs last year, but has failed to block them entirely, as part of a wider campaign critics say stifles internet freedom.
Top10VPN’s data analysis of more than 6,000 entries to Russia’s central registry of blocked websites found that 203 news sites and 97 foreign exchange and crypto sites are currently blocked in Russia.
State communications regulator Roskomnadzor on Monday said the number of cyber attacks against the IT systems and infrastructure of the Russian government had sharply increased since Feb. 24.
It warned perpetrators that cyber attacks may lead to criminal consequences.
(Editing by Mark Trevelyan)