By Kate Duguid
NEW YORK (Reuters) – The impact on cruise companies’ earnings from canceled trips, steep discounts and ships quarantined over coronavirus concerns could pose credit risks, said credit ratings agencies Moody’s Investors Service and S&P Global Ratings.
“It reduces the flexibility that these companies have in their rating categories,” said Moody’s analyst Peter Trombetta. “It removes some of their cushion.”
The earnings impact on both Carnival and Royal Caribbean were deemed “credit negative” by Moody’s although neither company’s credit ratings were immediately affected.
In a note published on Wednesday, S&P Global analysts wrote that the impact on Carnival’s cash flow from the coronavirus outbreak is expected to drive leverage above the 2.5 debt to EBITDA ratio in 2020, the threshold that would normally warrant a downgrade if breached. However, if the analysts believe the impact on Carnival to be temporary and that leverage could be lowered within a year or two, they do not expect to downgrade the rating.
“From a financial impact, Carnival would be impacted the most. They also have the most capacity in China. So they would probably see the biggest hit to earnings,” said Trombetta.
In response to a request for comment, a Carnival spokesman said, “The primary impact on the cruise industry is focused mostly on China, which is an emerging market for the cruise industry, so the impact is relatively small.” Neither Royal Caribbean nor Norwegian responded to a request for comment.
While the outbreak casts a shadow on the cruise industry in the short-term, credit analysts do not expect the effect to be lasting.
Royal Caribbean is currently rated BBB- by S&P Global and Baa2 by Moody’s, one and two notches above ‘junk’, or speculative grade, respectively. Although a downgrade could push the company out of investment grade, that risk is not currently reflected in how the debt is traded. Royal Caribbean’s largest issue, a 5.25% November 2022 issue worth $650 million, has risen 0.23% this year.
“We have very short memories,” said Trombetta, citing disasters like the wreck of the Costa Concordia ship in 2012, which killed 32 people. “People want to go on cruises. Once some time passes, that demand – so far – seems to keep coming back.”
Fitch Ratings, the third of the three largest credit ratings agencies does not publicly rate the cruise companies, but analyst Colin Mansfield, who covers the gaming, lodging and leisure sectors, said he expected the effects of the virus to be temporary.
(Reporting by Kate Duguid; editing by Megan Davies and Steve Orlofsky)