NEW YORK (Reuters) – Negative interest rates are not a tool that makes sense for the U.S. central bank, New York Federal Reserve Bank President John Williams said on Thursday.
“We have other tools that I think are more effective and more powerful to stimulate the economy,” Williams said during a moderated conversation organized by Stony Brook University in Long Island, New York.
Williams pointed to low interest rates, forward guidance and the Fed’s balance sheet as tools the central bank could use to help the U.S. economy return to maximum employment.
“I don’t think negative rates is something that makes sense given the situation we’re in because we have these other tools that can be used.”
Williams said the Fed succeeded in calming financial markets and helping credit flow to households and businesses through its liquidity programs, including new emergency lending facilities, and that he doesn’t think those efforts will lead the economy to overheat.
He said the Fed’s Main Street Lending Facility, which will help medium sized businesses, should be able to make an “enormous” amount of loans when it launches over the next couple of weeks and that the Fed is not limited in how much it can lend.
The policymaker said the timing for the economic recovery will depend on the virus, the number of new cases and if consumers feel safe leaving their homes.
“Over time, the biggest question mark is how the consumer is going to behave,” he said. “How long will people take to really want to take advantage of tourism and other things.”
(Reporting by Jonnelle Marte, Editing by Franklin Paul and Chizu Nomiyama)