NEW YORK (Reuters) – Traders unloaded Japanese yen and bought riskier currencies and the U.S. dollar on Monday as market confidence in the economy and world trade increased with progress on a COVID-19 vaccine and the prospect of Joe Biden being U.S. president.
The yen <JPY=D3>, which had become a favored safe-haven, suffered its biggest loss against the U.S. dollar since March, with the greenback rising as much as 2.2%. So-called “risk-on” currencies, such as the Australian dollar and Norwegian krone, strengthened even more.
The moves came after Biden announced his first steps as president and Pfizer Inc’s <PFE.N> and its German partner BioNTech SE <BNTX.O> announced that their experimental COVID-19 vaccine was more than 90% effective in initial trial results in what experts said could be a turning point toward halting the pandemic.
A Biden presidency is expected to shore up international trade through steady policies and the prospect of a successful coronavirus vaccine is seen as a major tailwind.
Much of the move in the yen was an unwinding of earlier trades, said Mazen Issa, senior fx strategist, at TD Securities. “There were a lot of long-yen positions built into the FX markets going into the election,” he said.
But the U.S. dollar also gained 0.41% against the euro <EUR=EBS> as markets became more confident that the vaccine could allow the U.S. economy to grow fast enough to drive up interest rates.
“All of this may be leading to a narrative of U.S. exceptionalism and capital flows into the U.S. returning,” Issa added.
The vaccine news “provided just a tremendous boost for risk appetite,” said Ed Moya, senior market analyst at foreign exchange broker OANDA.
“There was a lot of nervousness in investors’ expectations for these vaccine trial results, and the first one out of the gates had an amazing 90% effective rate, far exceeding the consensus,” Moya said. “We’re seeing a big reflation trade here.”
Joseph Trevisani, senior analyst, FXStreet.com, said higher interest rates could support the dollar. “Normally, when the U.S. economy does well that supports the dollar. We have not been seeing much of that in the COVID era.”
Bond yields soared in the United States and Europe, and major stock indexes gained as much as 4%.
The U.S. dollar gained 0.57% <=USD> to 92.695 against a basket of currencies <=USD>, after last week touching a 10-week low of 92.12.
Currency bid prices at 3:12PM (2012 GMT)
Description RIC Last U.S. Close Pct Change YTD Pct High Bid Low Bid
Euro/Dollar <EUR=EBS> $1.1829 $1.1877 -0.40% +5.51% +1.1920 +1.1795
Dollar/Yen <JPY=D3> 105.4000 103.2800 +2.05% -2.96% +105.6400 +103.3000
Euro/Yen <EURJPY=> 124.67 122.69 +1.61% +2.23% +125.1300 +122.7000
Dollar/Swiss <CHF=EBS> 0.9127 0.9003 +1.37% -5.69% +0.9136 +0.8985
Sterling/Dollar <GBP=D3> 1.3172 1.3150 +0.17% -0.68% +1.3206 +1.3119
Dollar/Canadian <CAD=D3> 1.2983 1.3064 -0.60% -0.05% +1.3062 +1.2928
Aussie/Dollar <AUD=D3> 0.7296 0.7261 +0.49% +3.98% +0.7340 +0.7267
Euro/Swiss <EURCHF=> 1.0795 1.0686 +1.02% -0.53% +1.0807 +1.0681
Euro/Sterling <EURGBP=> 0.8979 0.9023 -0.49% +6.21% +0.9048 +0.8981
NZ <NZD=D3> 0.6832 0.6773 +0.90% +1.56% +0.6854 +0.6785
Dollar/Norway <NOK=D3> 9.0110 9.1490 -1.26% +2.99% +9.1620 +8.9690
Euro/Norway <EURNOK=> 10.6678 10.8500 -1.68% +8.44% +10.9079 +10.6582
Dollar/Sweden <SEK=> 8.6110 8.6393 -0.72% -7.88% +8.6509 +8.5572
Euro/Sweden <EURSEK=> 10.1878 10.2616 -0.72% -2.69% +10.2816 +10.1819
(Reporting by David Henry in New York and Olga Cotaga in London; Editing by Mark Heinrich and Marguerita Choy)