Mount Rushmore presidents: Who they are and when they were added - Metro US

Mount Rushmore presidents: Who they are and when they were added

President Donald Trump pulled a kidding-not-kidding on Tuesday when he suggested his visage appear on the Mount Rushmore National Memorial, but could (or should) his face really grace the stone next to the four leaders of the United States memorialized on the mountain?

What is Mount Rushmore?

Mount Rushmore, dedicated on Oct. 31, 1941, features 60-foot tall faces of past presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt looking out from 500-feet above.

The federal government and South Dakota authorized a carving in the Harney National Forest March 1925. The site was dedicated a national memorial months later on Oct. 1 during a flag ceremony.

Who made the Mount Rushmore memorial?

An American sculptor, Gutzon Borglum, was commissioned to create the monument and he chose the presidents who were immortalized in rock.

Ceremonial drilling began on Aug. 10, 1927 after President Calvin Coolidge handed Borglum a set of drill bits. The real work began weeks later on Oct. 4 and 90 percent of the “carving” was done with dynamite. The final carving surface was about three- to four-feet thick.

Between 1927 and 1941, the 400 workers who took on the colossal task of constructing the monument were paid $8 per day.

Borglum died in Chicago on March 6, 1941 before the masterpiece was complete. His son, Lincoln Borglum, finished drilling on Oct. 31 that year.

A bust of the elder Borglum created by his son Lincoln, who was named after his father’s favorite president, is on display outside the Lincoln Borglum Visitors Center at Mount Rushmore.

Who are the presidents on Mount Rushmore?

George Washington

Mount Rushmore, George Washington

Gutzon Borglum chose the nation’s first president to be the most prominent figure on the mountain. George Washington represents the birth of the United States and is considered the father of the country and of American democracy.

The carving of Washington was dedicated on July 4, 1930.

Thomas Jefferson

Mount Rushmore, Thomas Jefferson

Borglum chose POTUS No. 3 Thomas Jefferson to represent growth. Jefferson was the chief author of the Declaration of Independence and he purchased the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803, doubling the size of the country.

The Jefferson carving was dedicated on Aug. 30, 1936 in a ceremony attended by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Abraham Lincoln

Mount Rushmore, Abraham Lincoln

Abe Lincoln, Borglum’s favorite president and the president credited with abolishing slavery, was the glue holding the United States together during a difficult period in American history — the Civil War. The 16th president of the United States believed preservation of the union was his most hallowed duty, so Borglum chose him to represent the preservation of the nation.

Lincoln’s figure was dedicated on Sept. 17, 1937

Theodore Roosevelt

Mount Rushmore, Theodore Roosevelt

Teddy Roosevelt, the 26th president, was chosen to represent the nation’s development since he was at the helm when the United States experience swift economic maturity.

He was key in the Panama Canal negotiations, linking the east and the west and he was known as the “trust buster” for his anti-corporate monopoly work. Roosevelt was seen as a president for the common man.

Roosevelt’s figure was dedicated on July 2, 1939.

Catch webcam views of the monument via EarthCam.

Information from the National Park Service website.

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